Today is Tuesday, June 11, the 162nd day of 2019. There are 203 days left in the year.
Birthdays: Former representative Charles B. Rangel, Democrat of New York, is 89. Motorsports Hall of Famer Jackie Stewart is 80. Singer Joey Dee is 79. Actress Adrienne Barbeau is 74. Animal rights activist Ingrid Newkirk is 70. Rock singer Donnie Van Zant is 67. Football Hall of Famer Joe Montana is 63. Actor Hugh Laurie is 60. TV personality Mehmet Oz is 59.
In 1770, Captain James Cook, commander of the British ship Endeavour, ‘‘discovered’’ the Great Barrier Reef off Australia by running onto it.
In 1776, the Continental Congress formed a committee to draft a Declaration of Independence calling for freedom from Britain.
In 1942, the United States and the Soviet Union signed a lend-lease agreement to aid the Soviet war effort in World War II.
In 1955, in motor racing’s worst disaster, more than 80 people were killed during the 24 Hours of Le Mans in France when two of the cars collided and crashed into spectators.
In 1962, three prisoners at Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay staged an escape, leaving the island on a makeshift raft; they were never heard from again.
In 1985, Karen Ann Quinlan, the comatose patient whose case prompted a historic right-to-die court decision, died in New Jersey, at age 31.
In 1986, the John Hughes comedy ‘‘Ferris Bueller’s Day Off,’’ starring Matthew Broderick, was released.
In 1987, Margaret Thatcher became the first British prime minister in 160 years to win a third consecutive termas her Conservatives held onto a reduced majority in Parliament.
In 1993, the US Supreme Court unanimously ruled that people who commit ‘‘hate crimes’’ motivated by bigotry may be sentenced to extra punishment.
In 2001, Timothy McVeigh, 33, was executed by injection at the federal prison in Terre Haute, Ind., for the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing that killed 168 people.
In 2009, with swine flu reported in more than 70 nations, the World Health Organization declared the first global flu pandemic in 41 years.
Last year, US and North Korean officials met at a hotel in Singapore to negotiate on the eve of the first summit between a US president and a North Korean leader.