This day in history
Today is Wednesday, June 12, the 163rd day of 2019. There are 202 days left in the year.
► Birthdays: Songwriter Richard M. Sherman is 91. Jazz pianist Chick Corea is 78. Sportscaster Marv Albert is 78. Actress Sonia Manzano (Maria on “Sesame Street’’) is 69. Cheap Trick drummer Bun E. Carlos is 68. Singer-songwriter Rocky Burnette is 66. Actor Timothy Busfield is 62. Rapper Grandmaster Dee (Whodini) is 57. Blues guitarist Kenny Wayne Shepherd is 42.
In 1939, the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum was dedicated in Cooperstown, N.Y.
In 1942, Anne Frank, a German-born Jewish girl living in Amsterdam, received a diary for her 13th birthday, less than a month before she and her family went into hiding from the Nazis.
In 1963, civil rights leader Medgar Evers, 37, was shot and killed outside his home in Jackson, Miss. (In 1994, Byron De La Beckwith was convicted of murdering Evers and sentenced to life in prison; he died in 2001.)
In 1964, South African black nationalist Nelson Mandela was sentenced to life in prison along with seven other people, including Walter Sisulu, for committing sabotage against the apartheid regime (all were eventually released, Mandela in 1990).
In 1967, the Supreme Court, in Loving v. Virginia, unanimously struck down state laws prohibiting interracial marriages.
In 1978, David Berkowitz was sentenced to 25 years to life in prison for each of the six ‘‘Son of Sam’’ .44-caliber killings that terrified New Yorkers.
In 1981, Major League Baseball players began a 49-day strike over the issue of free-agent compensation. (The season did not resume until Aug. 10.) ‘‘Raiders of the Lost Ark,’’ directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Harrison Ford as Indiana Jones, was released.
In 1987, President Reagan, during a visit to the divided German city of Berlin, exhorted Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev to ‘‘tear down this wall.’’
In 1994, Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman were slashed to death outside her Los Angeles home. (O.J. Simpson was acquitted of the killings in a criminal trial but was eventually held liable in a civil action.)
In 2004, former president Reagan’s body was sealed inside a tomb at his presidential library in Simi Valley, Calif., following a week of mourning and remembrance by world leaders and regular Americans.
In 2009, US television stations ended analog broadcasts in favor of digital transmission. The UN Security Council imposed sanctions on North Korea for its second nuclear test.
In 2016, an American-born Muslim opened fire at the Pulse nightclub, a gay establishment in Orlando, Fla., leaving 49 people dead and 53 wounded before being shot dead by police.
Last year, after a five-hour summit in Singapore, President Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un signed a joint statement agreeing to work toward a denuclearized Korean Peninsula, although the timeline and tactics were left unclear.