Today is Sunday, July 28, the 209th day of 2019. There are 156 days left in the year.
► Birthdays: Actor Darryl Hickman is 88. Ballet dancer-choreographer Jacques d’Amboise is 85. Musical conductor Riccardo Muti is 78. Former Senator and NBA Hall of Famer Bill Bradley is 76. ‘‘Garfield’’ creator Jim Davis is 74. Singer Jonathan Edwards is 73. Actress Linda Kelsey is 73. TV producer Dick Ebersol is 72. Actress Sally Struthers is 72. Rock musician Simon Kirke (Bad Company) is 70. Rock musician Steve Morse (Deep Purple) is 65. Former CBS anchorman Scott Pelley is 62. Alt-country-rock musician Marc Perlman is 58. Actor Michael Hayden is 56. Actress Lori Loughlin is 55. Jazz musician-producer Delfeayo Marsalis is 54. Former hockey player turned general manager Garth Snow is 50. Actress Elizabeth Berkley is 47. Singer Afroman is 45. Country musician Todd Anderson (Heartland) is 44. Rock singer Jacoby Shaddix (Papa Roach) is 43. Rapper Soulja Boy is 29. Pop/rock singer Cher Lloyd (TV: ‘‘The X Factor”) is 26.
In 1609, the English ship Sea Venture, commanded by Admiral Sir George Somers, ran ashore on Bermuda, where the passengers and crew founded a colony.
In 1794, Maximilien Robespierre, a leading figure of the French Revolution, was sent to the guillotine.
In 1914, World War I began as Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.
In 1915, more than 300 American sailors and Marines arrived in Haiti to restore order following the killing of Haitian President Vibrun Guillaume Sam by rebels, beginning a 19-year US occupation.
In 1932, federal troops forcibly dispersed the so-called ‘‘Bonus Army’’ of World War I veterans who had gathered in Washington to demand payments they weren’t scheduled to receive until 1945.
In 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced the end of coffee rationing, which had limited people to one pound of coffee every five weeks since it began in Nov. 1942.
In 1945, the US Senate ratified the United Nations Charter by a vote of 89-2. A US Army bomber crashed into the 79th floor of New York’s Empire State Building, killing 14 people.
In 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson announced he was increasing the number of American troops in South Vietnam from 75,000 to 125,000 ‘‘almost immediately.’’
In 1976, an earthquake devastated northern China, killing at least 242,000 people, according to an official estimate.
In 1984, the Los Angeles Summer Olympics opened.
In 1989, Israeli commandos abducted a pro-Iranian Shiite Muslim cleric, Sheik Abdul-Karim Obeid, from his home in south Lebanon. (He was released in January 2004 as part of a prisoner swap.)
In 2006, Actor-director Mel Gibson went into an anti-Semitic tirade as he was being arrested on the Pacific Coast Highway in Malibu, California, on suspicion of driving while drunk; Gibson later apologized and was sentenced to probation and alcohol treatment.
In 2009, the Senate Judiciary Committee approved Judge Sonia Sotomayor to be the US Supreme Court’s first Hispanic justice, over nearly solid Republican opposition. Anti-abortion activist Scott Roeder pleaded not guilty in Wichita, Kansas, to killing late-term abortion provider George Tiller. (Roeder was later convicted of first-degree murder and sentenced to life in prison.) The Rev. Frederick J. Eikerenkoetter II, better known as ‘‘Reverend Ike,’’ who preached the gospel of material prosperity to millions nationwide, died in Los Angeles at age 74.
In 2014, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu told Israelis to be ready for a ‘‘prolonged’’ conflict with Hamas in Gaza as both sides held out for bigger gains and a cease-fire in the three-week conflict remained elusive. Theodore ‘‘Dutch’’ VanKirk, 93, the last surviving member of the Enola Gay crew that dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, died in Stone Mountain, Georgia.
In 2017, the Senate voted 51-49 to reject Majority Leader Mitch McConnell’s last-ditch effort to dismantle President Barack Obama’s health care overhaul with a trimmed-down bill. John McCain, who was about to begin treatments for a brain tumor, joined two other GOP senators in voting against the repeal effort. President Donald Trump announced he was appointing Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly to be his chief of staff. British baby Charlie Gard died, a week shy of his first birthday; his parents had fought for the right to take him to the United States for an experimental treatment for a rare genetic disease that left him brain-damaged.
Last year, Pope Francis accepted the resignation of US Cardinal Theodore McCarrick, the emeritus archbishop of Washington, D.C., following allegations of sexual abuse, including one involving an 11-year-old boy.