Today is Sunday, Dec. 1, the 335th day of 2019. There are 30 days left in the year.
Birthdays: Golf Hall of Famer Lee Trevino is 80. Singer Dianne Lennon (The Lennon Sisters) is 80. Actress-singer Bette Midler is 74. Singer Gilbert O’Sullivan is 73. Actor Treat Williams is 68. Senator Rick Scott, Republican of Florida, is 67. Country singer Kim Richey is 63. Actress Charlene Tilton is 61. Director Andrew Adamson is 53. Actress-comedian Sarah Silverman is 49. Linkin Park musician Brad Delson is 42. Actor Riz Ahmed is 37. R&B singer-actress Janelle Monae is 34. Actress Zoe Kravitz is 31.
In 1824, the presidential election was turned over to the US House of Representatives when a deadlock developed among John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, William H. Crawford, and Henry Clay. (Adams ended up the winner.)
In 1862, President Lincoln sent his Second Annual Message to Congress, in which he called for the abolition of slavery, and went on to say, ‘‘Fellow-citizens, we can not escape history. We of this Congress and this Administration will be remembered in spite of ourselves.”
In 1941, Japan’s Emperor Hirohito approved waging war against the United States, Britain, and the Netherlands after his government rejected US demands contained in the Hull Note.
In 1942, during World War II, nationwide gasoline rationing went into effect in the United States; the goal was not so much to save on gas, but to conserve rubber (as in tires) that was desperately needed for the war effort.
In 1952, the New York Daily News ran a front-page story on Christine Jorgensen’s sex-reassignment surgery with the headline, ‘‘Ex-GI Becomes Blonde Beauty.’.
In 1955, Rosa Parks, a black seamstress, was arrested after refusing to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery, Ala., city bus; the incident sparked a yearlong boycott of the buses by blacks.
In 1965, an airlift of refugees from Cuba to the United States began in which thousands of Cubans were allowed to leave their homeland.
In 1969, the US government held its first draft lottery since World War II.
In 1974, TWA Flight 514, a Washington-bound Boeing 727, crashed in Virginia after being diverted from National Airport to Dulles International Airport; all 92 people on board were killed. Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 6231, a Boeing 727, crashed near Stony Point, N.Y., with the loss of its three crew members (the plane had been chartered to pick up the Baltimore Colts football team in Buffalo, N.Y.).
In 1990, British and French workers digging the Channel Tunnel between their countries finally met after knocking out a passage in a service tunnel.
In 1991, Ukrainians voted overwhelmingly for independence from the Soviet Union.
In 1997, a 14-year-old boy opened fire on a prayer circle at Heath High School in West Paducah, Ky., killing three fellow students and wounding five; the shooter is serving a life sentence.
In 2005, a roadside bomb killed 10 US Marines near Fallujah, Iraq.
In 2009, President Obama ordered 30,000 more US troops into the war in Afghanistan but promised during a speech to cadets at the US Military Academy at West Point to begin withdrawals in 18 months. General Motors Co. CEO Frederick ‘‘Fritz’’ Henderson stepped down after the board determined that the company hadn’t been changing quickly enough.
In 2014, President Obama, after meeting with mayors, civil rights leaders, and law enforcement officials at the White House, asked federal agencies for concrete recommendations to ensure the US wasn’t building a ‘‘militarized culture’’ within police departments.
Last year, after a dinner meeting between President Trump and Chinese leader Xi Jinping at the Group of 20 summit in Buenos Aires, the United States and China agreed to a 90-day ceasefire in their trade dispute, with Trump agreeing to hold off on plans to raise tariffs on $200 billion in Chinese goods. France’s most violent urban riot in a decade engulfed central Paris, as “yellow jacket” activists torched cars, smashed windows, and looted stores. Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador took the oath of office as Mexico’s first leftist president in more than 70 years. Actor and dancer Ken Berry, star of the 1960s sitcom “F Troop” and “Mayberry R.F.D.” in the 1970s, died at a Southern California hospital at the age of 85.