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    On social media, airlines have discovered the block

    Julia Tim/Adobe Stock

    What can you do when your airline stops talking to you? That’s not a hypothetical question for Kate Sawma, who was recently blocked on social media by Frontier Airlines during a customer service dispute.

    Blocking accounts on Facebook or Twitter is common. But airlines do it, too. Based on interviews with airlines, other travel companies, and travelers, as well as my experience mediating travel disputes, blocking customers appears to be on the rise. Understanding why airlines do it can help you avoid getting on a list and ensure your next complaint is heard.

    ‘‘Customer tirades on social media can become so abusive they reach a point at which you need to block,’’ says customer service expert Chip Bell, author of ‘‘Kaleidoscope: Delivering Innovative Service That Sparkles.’’ ‘‘Blocking is not unlike asking an abusive, . . . customer to leave your store. It happens when you determine the emotional cost of serving the customer exceeds the return you are getting . . . in the future.’’

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    Blocking stops you from being able to send a message to a company on social media. Often, but not always, it’s accompanied by the deletion of one of your offending posts.

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    Frontier says it blocked Sawma, an accountant from Philadelphia, for a good reason. It had canceled her flight from Chicago to Trenton, N.J. Then it promised to refund the cost of the replacement ticket she booked on another airline and give her a flight voucher within 10 days. But a few weeks later, a representative revised that timeline to four to six weeks. A Frontier representative said Sawma repeatedly contacted the airline via social media, asking for her refund and voucher.

    ‘‘The activity was interpreted as a spam effort, and an account under the name of Kate Sawma was blocked,’’ says Frontier spokesman Jonathan Freed. ‘‘But we were communicating with our passenger.’’

    Sawma was frustrated by her Frontier experience. First, the airline canceled her flight because of a mechanical problem, forcing her to book a last-minute ticket home. Then she says it stonewalled her. ‘‘I called the customer service line, and no one answered,’’ she told me. ‘‘I e-mailed Frontier. No reply.’’

    Freed says Frontier’s records show that it communicated with Sawma often after her flight cancellation, although he did not say how. The airline says she rebooked her flight incorrectly, using Expedia instead of Tripeasy, a site that coordinates with Frontier for rebooking and reimbursement, to make her reservation. That affected the timing of her refund.

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    ‘‘We appreciate that issues resulting from delays are frustrating and try to address them . . . quickly,’’ Freed told me.

    Frontier says it eventually unblocked her, and Sawma says she received the full refund.

    Airlines block users for all kinds of reasons. Alaska Airlines, one of the most forward-looking ones on social media, even posts its blocking policy.

    ‘‘We like conversations on our page, but comments that contain profanity, hate speech, spam, or are otherwise offensive will be removed,’’ it warns. ‘‘Out of respect for our employees’ privacy, we reserve the right to hide or remove any post or comment that is disparaging or has negative intent toward our employees.’’

    Michael Roy, Alaska Airlines’ social care program lead, says blocking a user is rare. ‘‘The only time we will ban someone is if they repeatedly continue to violate our social media policy,’’ he says.

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    There is no way to know how common customer blocking is in the airline industry. I checked with Facebook and Twitter, and neither would reveal how many users are blocked by airline sites.

    Blocks are a necessary evil in the online world. Full disclosure: At Elliott Advocacy, my nonprofit consumer advocacy site, we block some users, too. I don’t have a formal written policy; it’s something my team and I talk about on a case-by-case basis. Bannable offenses include writing offensive or racist comments and intentionally misrepresenting a case. We also have a small list of bloggers on our ‘‘banned’’ list who simply hate everything we write.

    The number of travelers who complain about their comments being deleted or blocked from airline sites, or any travel site, is relatively small. But it’s still an important issue.

    Why does it matter when an airline blocks you? Part of the issue is the perception among users that an airline’s Facebook or Twitter presence is a quasi-public forum where customers have the right to free speech. Disabling the ability to post on Facebook or Twitter or removing comments can make a user feel powerless.

    How do you avoid blocking? By being polite. Avoid using profanity or typing in ALL CAPS, which is considered yelling. Most of the blocks I’ve seen are the result of passengers losing their cool and bombarding the company’s Facebook page with angry messages.

    The other way to avoid a block is by being patient. A passenger like Sawma has every right to be upset that 10 days turned into more than a month for a refund, but Frontier grew tired of Sawma’s repeated queries and cut her off. A little research on her part would have shown that four to six weeks is fairly standard for refunds and would have suggested that the ticket agent in Chicago had given her incorrect information.

    Blocks usually happen without warning, and there’s no way to appeal via social media because the airline won’t receive your messages. But there are other ways of communicating with companies. I publish the names, numbers, and e-mail addresses of the executives in charge of airline customer service on my consumer-advocacy site: www.elliott.org/company-contacts/Flixbus/.