Today is Sunday, Jan. 20, the 20th day of 2013. There are 345 days left in the year.
►Today’s Birthdays: Country singer Slim Whitman is 89. Comedian Arte Johnson is 84. Former astronaut Buzz Aldrin is 83. Olympic gold medal figure skater Carol Heiss is 73. Singer Eric Stewart is 68. Movie director David Lynch is 67. Country-rock musician George Grantham (Poco) is 66. Actor Daniel Benzali is 63. Rock musician Paul Stanley (KISS) is 61. Rock musician Ian Hill (Judas Priest) is 61. Comedian Bill Maher is 57. Actor Lorenzo Lamas is 55. Actor James Denton is 50. Rock musician Greg K. (The Offspring) is 48. Country singer John Michael Montgomery is 48. Sophie, Countess of Wessex, is 48. Actor Rainn Wilson is 47. Actress Stacey Dash is 46. TV personality Melissa Rivers is 45. Singer Xavier is 45. Actor Reno Wilson is 44. Singer Edwin McCain is 43. Actor Skeet Ulrich is 43. Rap musician ?uestlove (The Roots) is 42. Rock musician Rob Bourdon (Linkin Park) is 34. Country singer Brantley Gilbert is 28. Actor Evan Peters is 26.
►In 1265, England’s first representative Parliament, which included officials from districts, cities, and boroughs, met for the first time.
►In 1649, King Charles I of England went on trial, accused of high treason. (He was found guilty and executed by month’s end.)
►In 1887, the US Senate approved an agreement to lease Pearl Harbor in Hawaii as a naval base.
►In 1936, Britain’s King George V died; he was succeeded by Edward VIII.
►In 1942, Nazi officials held the notorious Wannsee conference, during which they arrived at their ‘‘final solution’’ that called for exterminating Jews.
►In 1953, Dwight D. Eisenhower took the oath of office as president of the United States; Richard M. Nixon was sworn in as vice president.
►In 1957, President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Vice President Richard Nixon were sworn in for their second terms of office in a private Sunday ceremony (a public ceremony was held the next day).
►In 1961, John F. Kennedy was inaugurated as the 35th President of the United States.
►In 1981, Iran released 52 Americans it had held hostage for 444 days, minutes after the presidency had passed from Jimmy Carter to Ronald Reagan.
►In 1986, the United States observed the first federal holiday in honor of slain civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.
►In 1993, Bill Clinton was sworn in as the 42d president of the United States. Actress Audrey Hepburn died in Switzerland at age 63.
►In 2001, George Walker Bush became the 43d president after one of the most turbulent elections in US history.
►In 2009, Barack Obama was sworn in as the nation’s 44th, as well as first African-American, president.