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This Day in History

Today is Sunday, April 7, the 97th day of 2013. There are 268 days left in the year.

Today’s Birthdays: Actor James Garner is 85. Country singer Cal Smith is 81. Actor Wayne Rogers is 80. Media commentator Hodding Carter III is 78. Country singer Bobby Bare is 78. Rhythm-and-blues singer Charlie Thomas (The Drifters) is 76. California Governor Jerry Brown is 75. Movie director Francis Ford Coppola is 74. TV personality David Frost is 74. Singer Patricia Bennett (The Chiffons) is 66. Actor Jackie Chan is 59. College and Pro Football Hall-of-Famer Tony Dorsett is 59. Actor Russell Crowe is 49. Christian/jazz singer Mark Kibble (Take 6) is 49. Actor Bill Bellamy is 48. Rock musician Dave ‘‘Yorkie’’ Palmer (Space) is 48. Former football player-turned-analyst Tiki Barber is 38. Actress Heather Burns is 38. Actor Kevin Alejandro (TV: ‘‘Southland”) is 37.

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In 1788, an expedition led by General Rufus Putnam established a settlement at present-day Marietta, Ohio.

In 1798, the Mississippi Territory was created by an act of Congress, with Natchez as the capital.

In 1862, Union forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant defeated the Confederates at the Battle of Shiloh in Tennessee.

In 1922, the Teapot Dome scandal began as Interior Secretary Albert B. Fall signed a secret deal to lease US Navy petroleum reserves to his friends, oilmen Harry F. Sinclair and Edward L. Doheny.

In 1927, the image and voice of Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover were transmitted live from Washington to New York in the first successful long-distance demonstration of television.

In 1939, Italy invaded Albania, which was annexed less than a week later.

In 1949, the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical ‘‘South Pacific’’ opened on Broadway.

In 1966, the US Navy recovered a hydrogen bomb that the US Air Force had lost in the Mediterranean Sea off Spain following a B-52 crash.

In 1969, the Supreme Court, in Stanley v. Georgia, unanimously struck down laws prohibiting private possession of obscene material.

In 1978, President Jimmy Carter announced he was deferring development of the neutron bomb, a high-radiation weapon.

In 1983, space shuttle astronauts Story Musgrave and Don Peterson went on the first US spacewalk in almost a decade as they worked in the open cargo bay of Challenger for nearly four hours.

In 2003, US troops in more than 100 armored vehicles rumbled through downtown Baghdad, seizing one of Saddam Hussein’s opulent palaces and toppling a 40-foot statue of the Iraqi ruler. The Boston Globe won the 2003 Pulitzer Prize for public service for its coverage of the priest sex abuse scandal.

In 2008, anti-China protesters disrupted the Olympic torch relay in Paris, at times forcing Chinese organizers to put out the flame and take the torch onto a bus to secure it.

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