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This Day in History

Today is Sunday, Oct. 27 the 300th day of 2013. There are 65 days left in the year.

Today’s birthdays: Actress Nanette Fabray is 93. Baseball Hall of Famer and sportscaster Ralph Kiner is 91. Actress Ruby Dee is 91. Actor-comedian John Cleese is 74. Author Maxine Hong Kingston is 73. Country singer Lee Greenwood is 71. Producer-director Ivan Reitman is 67. Country singer-musician Jack Daniels is 64. Rock musician Garry Tallent (Bruce Springsteen & the E Street Band) is 64. Author Fran Lebowitz is 63. Rock musician K.K. Downing is 62. TV personality Jayne Kennedy is 62. Actor-director Roberto Benigni is 61. Actor Peter Firth is 60. Actor Robert Picardo is 60. World Golf Hall of Famer Patty Sheehan is 57. Singer Simon Le Bon is 55. Country musician Jerry Dale McFadden (The Mavericks) is 49. Internet news editor Matt Drudge is 47. Rock musician Jason Finn (Presidents of the United States of America) is 46. Rock singer Scott Weiland is 46. Actor Sean Holland is 45. Actress Sheeri Rappaport is 36. Violinist Vanessa-Mae is 35. Actress Christine Evangelista is 27.

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In 1787, the first of the Federalist Papers, a series of essays calling for ratification of the United States Constitution, was published under the pseudonym ‘‘Publius’’ (the essays were a collaborative effort by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay).

In 1795, the United States and Spain signed the Treaty of San Lorenzo (also known as Pinckney’s Treaty), which provided for free navigation of the Mississippi River.

In 1886, the musical fantasy ‘‘A Night on Bald Mountain,’’ written by Modest Mussorgsky and revised after his death by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, was performed in St. Petersburg, Russia.

In 1904, the first rapid transit subway, the IRT, was inaugurated in New York City.

In 1922, the first annual celebration of Navy Day took place.

In 1938, Du Pont announced a name for its new synthetic yarn: nylon.

In 1947, ‘‘You Bet Your Life,’’ starring Groucho Marx, premiered on ABC Radio. It later became an NBC-TV show.

In 1962, during the Cuban Missile Crisis, a U-2 reconnaissance aircraft was shot down while flying over Cuba, killing the pilot, US Air Force Maj. Rudolf Anderson Jr.

In 1992, Petty Officer Allen Schindler, a gay US Navy sailor, was beaten to death near Sasebo Naval Base in southwestern Japan by shipmate Terry Helvey, who pleaded guilty to murder and was sentenced to life in prison.

In 2001, in Washington, the search for deadly anthrax widened to thousands of businesses and 30 mail distribution centers.

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