Today is Sunday, July 5, the 186th day of 2015. There are 179 days left in the year.
Today’s birthdays: Actress Katherine Helmond is 86. Actress Shirley Knight is 79. Singer-musician Robbie Robertson is 72. Julie Nixon Eisenhower is 67. Rock star Huey Lewis is 65. Baseball Hall-of-Fame pitcher Rich ‘‘Goose’’ Gossage is 64. Country musician Charles Ventre is 63. Singer-songwriter Marc Cohn is 56. Actress Edie Falco is 52. Actress Kathryn Erbe is 50. Rock musician Bengt Lagerberg (The Cardigans) is 42. Country musician Dave Haywood (Lady Antebellum) is 33. Rock musician Nick O’Malley (Arctic Monkeys) is 30.
In 1643, the first tornado recorded in North America hit Essex County in Massachusetts.
In 1687, Isaac Newton first published his Principia Mathematica, a three-volume work setting out his mathematical principles of natural philosophy.
In 1811, Venezuela became the first South American country to declare independence from Spain.
In 1865, the Secret Service Division of the Treasury Department was founded, with the mission of suppressing counterfeit currency.
In 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the National Labor Relations Act.
In 1946, the bikini, created by Louis Reard, was modeled by Micheline Bernardini during a poolside fashion show in Paris.
In 1947, Larry Doby made his debut with the Cleveland Indians, becoming the first black player in the American League.
In 1948, Britain’s National Health Service Act went into effect, providing publicly financed medical and dental care.
In 1954, Elvis Presley’s first commercial recording session took place at Sun Records in Memphis; the song he recorded was ‘‘That’s All Right.’’
In 1962, independence took effect in Algeria; the same day, civilians of European descent, mostly French, came under attack by extremists in the port city of Oran.
In 1975, Arthur Ashe became the first black man to win a Wimbledon singles title as he defeated Jimmy Connors, 6-1, 6-1, 5-7, 6-4. The Cape Verde Islands officially became independent after five centuries of Portuguese rule.
In 1984, the Supreme Court weakened the 70-year-old ‘‘exclusionary rule,’’ deciding that evidence seized in good faith with defective court warrants could be used against defendants in criminal trials.
In 2010, Israel eased its blockade of Hamas-ruled Gaza to allow virtually all consumer goods; the move was welcomed by the White House, but Gaza business leaders and rights activists said the measures were far short of what Gaza needed.
Last year, Ukrainian troops forced pro-Russia insurgents out of Slovyansk, a key stronghold in Ukraine’s embattled east.