Metro

This day in history

Today is Thursday, Oct. 1, the 274th day of 2015. There are 91 days left in the year.

Today’s birthdays: Former president Jimmy Carter is 91. Actress-singer Julie Andrews is 80. Actress Stella Stevens is 77. Baseball Hall-of-Famer Rod Carew is 70. Jazz musician Dave Holland is 69. Actor Randy Quaid is 65. Singer Youssou N’Dour is 56. Ex-baseball star Mark McGwire is 52. Actor Zach Galifianakis is 46.

In 1908, Henry Ford introduced his Model T to the market.

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In 1932, Babe Ruth of the New York Yankees made his supposed called shot, hitting a home run against the Chicago Cubs in Game 3 of the World Series at Wrigley Field.

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In 1939, Winston Churchill described Russia as ‘‘a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma’’ during an address on the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union.

In 1955, the situation comedy ‘‘The Honeymooners,’’ starring Jackie Gleason and Art Carney, premiered on CBS-TV.

In 1957, the motto ‘‘In God We Trust’’ began appearing on US paper currency.

In 1961, Roger Maris of the New York Yankees hit his 61st home run during a 162-game season. (Tracy Stallard of the Boston Red Sox gave up the round-tripper. Yankees won, 1-0.)

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In 1964, the Free Speech Movement began at the University of California Berkeley. Japan’s first high-speed ‘‘bullet train,’’ the Tokaido Shinkansen, went into operation.

In 1971, Walt Disney World opened near Orlando, Fla.

In 2014, Secret Service director Julia Pierson abruptly resigned in the face of multiple revelations of security breaches.