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This day in history

Today is Sunday, Oct. 16, the 290th day of 2016. There are 76 days left in the year.

Today’s birthdays: Actress Angela Lansbury is 91. Actor-producer Tony Anthony is 79. Actor Barry Corbin is 76. Sportscaster Tim McCarver is 75. Rock musician C.F. Turner (Bachman-Turner Overdrive) is 73. Actress Suzanne Somers is 70. Rock singer-musician Bob Weir is 69. Producer-director David Zucker is 69. Record company executive Jim Ed Norman is 68. Actor Daniel Gerroll is 65. Actor Morgan Stevens is 65. Actress Martha Smith is 64. Comedian-actor Andy Kindler is 60. Actor-director Tim Robbins is 58. Actor-musician Gary Kemp is 57. Singer-musician Bob Mould is 56. Actor Randy Vasquez is 55. Rock musician Flea (Red Hot Chili Peppers) is 54. Actor Christian Stolte is 54. Actor Todd Stashwick is 48. Jazz musician Roy Hargrove is 47. Actress Terri J. Vaughn is 47. Singer Wendy Wilson (Wilson Phillips) is 47. Rapper B-Rock (B-Rock and the Bizz) is 45. Rock singer Chad Gray (Mudvayne) is 45. Actor Paul Sparks is 45. Actress Kellie Martin is 41. Singer John Mayer is 39. Actor Jeremy Jackson is 36. Actress Caterina Scorsone is 36. Actress Brea Grant is 35.

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In 1793, during the French Revolution, Marie Antoinette, the queen of France, was beheaded.

In 1846, dentist William T. Morton demonstrated the effectiveness of ether as an anesthetic by administering it to a patient undergoing jaw surgery in Boston.

In 1859, radical abolitionist John Brown led a group of 21 in a raid on Harpers Ferry in Virginia. (Ten of Brown’s men were killed and five escaped. Brown and six followers were captured; all were executed.)

In 1916, Planned Parenthood had its beginnings as Margaret Sanger and her sister, Ethel Byrne, opened the first birth-control clinic, in Brooklyn, N.Y. (Police raided the clinic nine days later, arresting Sanger, Byrne, and Russian-born interpreter Fania Mindell.)

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In 1934, Chinese Communists, under siege by the Nationalists, began their ‘‘long march,’’ lasting a year from southeastern to northwestern China.

In 1946, 10 Nazi war criminals condemned during the Nuremberg trials were hanged.

In 1957, Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip of Britain began a US visit with a stopover at the site of the Jamestown settlement in Virginia.

In 1969, the New York Mets capped their miracle season by winning the World Series, defeating the Baltimore Orioles, 5-3, in Game 5.

In 1978, the College of Cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church chose Cardinal Karol Wojtyla to be the new pope; he took the name John Paul II.

In 1987, a 58½-hour drama in Midland, Texas, ended happily as rescuers freed 18-month-old Jessica McClure from an abandoned well.

In 1991, a gunman opened fire at a Luby’s Cafeteria in Killeen, Texas, killing 23 people before taking his own life.

In 1995, a vast throng of black men gathered in Washington, D.C., for the ‘‘Million Man March’’ led by Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan.

In 2006, President George W. Bush personally assured Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki of Iraq by phone that he had set no timetable for pulling out troops. Lynne Stewart, a firebrand civil rights lawyer, was sentenced in New York to 28 months in prison for helping an imprisoned terrorist sheik communicate with his followers on the outside. (In July 2010, a judge who concluded she’d lied to a jury and lacked remorse increased her sentence to 10 years; Stewart was released in January 2014 after she was diagnosed with terminal cancer.)

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In 2011, the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial was formally dedicated in Washington, D.C. British race car driver Dan Wheldon, 33, died in a fiery 15-car wreck in the Las Vegas Indy 300. Danell Leyva became the first American male gymnast to win a gold medal at the World Championships since 2003, taking the parallel bars title in Tokyo. The St. Louis Cardinals captured their 18th National League pennant with a 12-6 victory over the Milwaukee Brewers in Game 6.

Last year, Interior Secretary Sally Jewell announced that the federal government was canceling federal petroleum-lease sales in US Arctic waters that had been scheduled for 2016 and 2017. Four Palestinians were killed by Israeli fire amid continuing widespread unrest as the UN Security Council convened an emergency meeting to discuss the escalation.