Metro

This day in history

Today is Friday, July 14, the 195th day of 2017. There are 170 days left in the year.

Birthdays: Actor Harry Dean Stanton is 91. Actress Nancy Olson is 89. Former football player and actor Rosey Grier is 85. Actor Vincent Pastore is 71. Music executive Tommy Mottola is 69. Actress Jane Lynch is 57. Rock singer-musician Tanya Donelly is 51. Olympic gold medal snowboarder Ross Rebagliati is 46. Black Eyed Peas musician taboo is 42.

In 1789, in an event symbolizing the start of the French Revolution, citizens of Paris stormed the Bastille prison and released the seven prisoners inside.

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In 1798, Congress passed the Sedition Act, making it a federal crime to publish false, scandalous, or malicious writing about the United States government.

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In 1881, outlaw William H. Bonney Jr., alias ‘‘Billy the Kid,’’ was shot and killed by Sheriff Pat Garrett in Fort Sumner in present-day New Mexico.

In 1921, Italian-born anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were convicted in Dedham of murdering a shoe company paymaster and his guard. (Sacco and Vanzetti were executed six years later.)

In 1933, all German political parties, except the Nazi Party, were outlawed. Cartoon character Popeye the Sailor made his movie debut in the animated short, ‘‘Popeye the Sailor.’’

In 1958, the army of Iraq overthrew the monarchy.

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In 1966, the city of Chicago awoke to the shocking news that eight student nurses had been brutally slain during the night in a South Side dormitory. Drifter Richard Speck was convicted of the mass killing and condemned to death but had his sentence reduced to life in prison, where he died in 1991.

In 1980, the Republican national convention opened in Detroit, where nominee-apparent Ronald Reagan told a welcoming rally he and his supporters were determined to ‘‘make America great again.’’

In 1999, race-based school busing in Boston came to an end after 25 years.

In 2007, North Korea told the United States it had shut down its nuclear reactor, hours after a ship cruised into port loaded with oil promised in return for the country’s pledge to disarm.

In 2012, a suicide bomber blew himself up among guests at a wedding hall in northern Afghanistan, killing 23 people, including a prominent ex-Uzbek warlord turned lawmaker who was the father of the bride.

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Last year, terror struck Bastille Day celebrations in the French Riviera city of Nice as a large truck plowed into a festive crowd, killing 86 people in an attack claimed by Islamic State extremists; the driver was shot dead by police.