Today is Tuesday, Aug. 15, the 227th day of 2017. There are 138 days left in the year.
Birthdays: Actress Rose Marie is 94. Civil rights activist Vernon Jordan is 82. Actor Jim Dale is 82. Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer is 79. Representative Maxine Waters, Democrat of California, is 79. Author-journalist Linda Ellerbee is 73. Songwriter Jimmy Webb is 71. Actress Tess Harper is 67. Actor Larry Mathews is 62. Movie director Alejandro Gonzalez Inarritu is 54. Philanthropist Melinda Gates is 53. Actress Debra Messing is 49. Actor Ben Affleck is 45. Actress Jennifer Lawrence is 27.
In 1057, Macbeth, king of Scots, was killed in battle by Malcolm, the eldest son of King Duncan, whom Macbeth had slain.
In 1483, the Sistine Chapel was consecrated by Pope Sixtus IV.
In 1812, the Battle of Fort Dearborn took place as Potawatomi warriors attacked a US military garrison of about 100 people. (Most of the garrison was killed, while those who remained were taken prisoner.)
In 1914, the Panama Canal officially opened as the SS Ancon crossed the waterway between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans.
In 1935, humorist Will Rogers and aviator Wiley Post were killed when their airplane crashed near Point Barrow in the Alaska Territory.
In 1939, the MGM musical ‘‘The Wizard of Oz’’ opened at the Grauman’s Chinese Theater in Hollywood.
In 1945, in a pre-recorded radio address, Japan’s Emperor Hirohito announced that his country had accepted terms of surrender for ending World War II.
In 1965, the Beatles played to a crowd of more than 55,000 at New York’s Shea Stadium.
In 1969, the Woodstock Music and Art Fair opened in upstate New York.
In 2007, former NBA referee Tim Donaghy pleaded guilty to felony charges for taking cash payoffs from gamblers and betting on games he’d officiated in a scandal that rocked the league. (Donaghy, sentenced to 15 months in federal prison, was released in November 2009.) A magnitude-8 earthquake in Peru’s southern desert killed 596 people.
Last year, Republican Donald Trump called for ‘‘extreme’’ ideological vetting of immigrants seeking admission to the United States, vowing during a speech in Youngstown, Ohio, to significantly overhaul the country’s screening process and block those who sympathized with extremist groups or didn’t embrace American values.