Metro

This day in history

Today is Thursday, Aug. 31, the 243rd day of 2017. There are 122 days left in the year. Birthdays: Japanese monster movie actor Katsumi Tezuka (“Godzilla”) is 105. Baseball Hall of Famer Frank Robinson is 82. Olympic gold medal track and field athlete Edwin Moses is 62. Baseball pitche Hideo Nomor, who pitched a no-hitter for the Red Sox, is 49. Actor Chris Tucker is 45. Actress Sara Ramirez is 42.

In 1867, French poet Charles Baudelaire, 46, died in Paris.

In 1939, the first issue of Marvel Comics, featuring the Human Torch, was published by Timely Publications in New York.

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In 1941, the radio program ‘‘The Great Gildersleeve,’’ a spinoff from ‘‘Fibber McGee and Molly’’ starring Harold Peary, debuted on NBC.

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In 1954, Hurricane Carol hit the northeastern Atlantic states; Connecticut, Rhode Island, and part of Massachusetts bore the brunt of the storm, which resulted in some 70 deaths.

In 1972, at the Munich Summer Olympics, American swimmer Mark Spitz won his fourth and fifth gold medals in the 100-meter butterfly and 800-meter freestyle relay; Soviet gymnast Olga Korbut won gold medals in floor exercise and the balance beam.

In 1991, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan declared their independence, raising to 10 the number of republics seeking to secede from the Soviet Union.

In 1992, white separatist Randy Weaver surrendered to authorities in Naples, Idaho, ending an 11-day siege by federal agents that had claimed the lives of Weaver’s wife, son and a deputy US marshal.

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In 2007, President George W. Bush met privately at the Pentagon with the Joint Chiefs of Staff, who conveyed their concern about a growing strain on troops and their families from long and repeated combat tours in Iraq.

In 2012, in a speech to an annual Federal Reserve conference in Jackson Hole, Wyo., Chairman Ben Bernanke sent a clear message that the Fed would do more to help the still-struggling US economy, but did not offer specifics.

Last year, on Mexican soil for the first time as the Republican presidential nominee, a firm, but measured Donald Trump defended the right of the United States to build a massive border wall along its southern flank.