This day in history

Today is Wednesday, Nov. 15, the 319th day of 2017. There are 46 days left in the year.

Birthdays: Actor Ed Asner is 88. Singer Petula Clark is 85. Actor Yaphet Kotto is 78. Actor Sam Waterston is 77. Classical conductor Daniel Barenboim is 75. Former New Mexico governor Bill Richardson is 70. Actress Beverly D’Angelo is 66. Director-actor James Widdoes is 64. Former ‘‘Jay Leno Show’’ bandleader Kevin Eubanks is 60. Actor Sean Murray is 40.

In 1777, the Second Continental Congress approved the Articles of Confederation.


In 1864, during the Civil War, Union forces led by General William T. Sherman began their ‘‘March to the Sea’’ from Atlanta; the campaign ended with the capture of Savannah on Dec. 21.

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In 1889, Brazil was proclaimed a republic as its emperor, Dom Pedro II, was overthrown.

In 1926, the National Broadcasting Company began operating its radio network.

In 1942, the naval Battle of Guadalcanal ended during World War II with a decisive US victory over Japanese forces.

In 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt laid the cornerstone of the Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C.


In 1959, four members of the Clutter family of Holcomb, Kansas, were found murdered in their home. (Ex-convicts Richard Hickock and Perry Smith were convicted of the killings and hanged in a case made famous by the Truman Capote book ‘‘In Cold Blood.”)

In 1966, the flight of Gemini 12, the final mission of the Gemini program, ended successfully as astronauts James A. Lovell and Edwin ‘‘Buzz’’ Aldrin Jr. splashed down safely in the Atlantic after spending four days in orbit.

In 2007, Cyclone Sidr struck Bangladesh, killing more than 3,200 people and leaving millions homeless.

In 2012, the Justice Department announced that BP had agreed to plead guilty to a raft of charges in the 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil spill and pay a record $4.5 billion, including nearly $1.3 billion in criminal fines.

Last year, Speaker Paul Ryan unanimously won his GOP colleagues’ votes for another term at the helm of the House. Singer-songwriter Mose Allison died four days after his 89th birthday.