Today is Wednesday, Jan. 3, the third day of 2018. There are 362 days left in the year.
Birthdays: Actor Dabney Coleman is 86. Journalist-author Betty Rollin is 82. Hockey Hall of Famer Bobby Hull is 79. Singer-songwriter Van Dyke Parks is 75. Singer-guitarist Stephen Stills is 73. Led Zeppelin bassist John Paul Jones is 72. Actress Victoria Principal is 68. Actor Mel Gibson is 62. Jazz musician James Carter is 49. Actress Kate Levering is 39. NFL quarterback Eli Manning is 37.
In 1521, Martin Luther was excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church by Pope Leo X.
In 1777, General George Washington’s army routed the British in the Battle of Princeton, N.J.
In 1868, Japan’s Meiji Restoration reestablished the authority of the emperor and heralded the fall of the military rulers known as shoguns; the upheaval paved the way for Japan’s drive toward becoming a modern power.
In 1870, groundbreaking took place for the Brooklyn Bridge.
In 1938, the March of Dimes campaign to fight polio was established by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who had been afflicted with the crippling disease.
In 1959, Alaska became the 49th state.
In 1967, Jack Ruby, who killed Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of President Kennedy, died in a Dallas hospital.
In 1977, Apple Computer was incorporated in Cupertino, Calif., by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Mike Makkula Jr.
In 1980, conservationist Joy Adamson, author of ‘‘Born Free,’’ was killed in northern Kenya by a former employee.
In 1993, President George H.W. Bush and Russian President Boris Yeltsin signed the START II missile-reduction treaty in Moscow. (The agreement ultimately fell apart.)
In 2008, Senator Barack Obama of Illinois won Democratic caucuses in Iowa, while Mike Huckabee won the Republican caucuses.
In 2013, students from Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Conn., reconvened at a different building in the town of Monroe about three weeks after the massacre that had claimed the lives of 20 first-graders and six educators.
Last year, Ford Motor Co. canceled plans to build a $1.6 billion factory in Mexico and said it would invest at least some of the savings in electric and autonomous vehicles. It was announced that Fox News star Megyn Kelly would leave the network to work at NBC.