Metro

This day in history

Today is Saturday, March 3, the 62nd day of 2018. There are 303 days left in the year.

Birthdays: Socialite Lee Radziwill is 85. Singer-musician Robyn Hitchcock is 65. Actor Robert Gossett is 64. Rock musician John Lilley is 64. Actress Miranda Richardson is 60. Rock musician John Bigham is 59. Radio personality Ira Glass is 59. Actress Mary Page Keller is 57. Olympic track and field gold medalist Jackie Joyner-Kersee is 56. Singer Ronan Keating (Boyzone) is 41. Rapper Lil’ Flip is 37. Actress Jessica Biel is 36. Musician Brett Hite (Frenship) is 32. Pop singer Camila Cabello is 21. Actor Thomas Barbusca (TV: ‘‘The Mick”) is 15.

In 1791, Congress passed a measure taxing distilled spirits; it was the first internal revenue act in US history.

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In 1845, Florida became the 27th state.

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In 1849, the US. Department of the Interior was established.

In 1918, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire, and Russia signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, which ended Russian participation in World War I.

In 1923, Time magazine, founded by Briton Hadden and Henry R. Luce, made its debut.

In 1931, ‘‘The Star-Spangled Banner’’ became the national anthem of the United States as President Herbert Hoover signed a congressional resolution.

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In 1943, in London’s East End, 173 people died in a crush of bodies at the Bethnal Green tube station, being used as a wartime air raid shelter.

In 1959, the United States launched the Pioneer 4 spacecraft, which flew by the moon.

In 1960, Lucille Ball filed for divorce from her husband, Desi Arnaz, a day after they had finished filming the last episode of ‘‘The Lucille Ball-Desi Arnaz Show.’’

In 1974, a Turkish Airlines DC-10 crashed shortly after takeoff from Orly Airport in Paris, killing all 346 people on board.

In 1985, coal miners in Britain voted to end a year-long strike that proved to be the longest and most violent walkout in British history.

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In 1991, motorist Rodney King was severely beaten by Los Angeles police officers in a scene captured on amateur video.

In 2002, voters in Switzerland approved joining the United Nations, abandoning almost 200 years of formal neutrality.