This day in history

Today is Wednesday, March 14, the 73rd day of 2018. There are 292 days left in the year.

Birthdays: Former astronaut Frank Borman is 90. Actor Michael Caine is 85. Composer-producer Quincy Jones is 85. Actor Raymond Barry is 79. Director Wolfgang Petersen is 77. Country singer Michael Martin Murphey is 73. Actor Steve Kanaly is 72. Comedian Billy Crystal is 70. Former senator Tom Coburn, Republican of Oklahoma, is 70. Actor-comedian Rick Dees is 67. Actress Elise Neal is 52. Actor Jamie Bell is 32. Rock musician Este Haim is 32. Olympic gold medal gymnast Simone Biles is 21.

In 1794, Eli Whitney received a patent for his cotton gin, an invention that revolutionized America’s cotton industry.


In 1939, the republic of Czechoslovakia was dissolved, opening the way for Nazi occupation of Czech areas and the separation of Slovakia.

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In 1951, during the Korean War, United Nations forces recaptured Seoul.

In 1964, a jury in Dallas found Jack Ruby guilty of murdering Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of President Kennedy, and sentenced him to death. (Both the conviction and death sentence were overturned, but Ruby died before he could be retried.)

In 1967, the body of President Kennedy was moved from a temporary grave to a permanent memorial site at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia.

In 1975, ‘‘Monty Python and the Holy Grail,’’ a sendup of the legend of King Arthur, had its world premiere in Los Angeles.


In 1980, a LOT Polish Airlines jet crashed while attempting to land in Warsaw, killing all 87 people aboard, including 22 members of a US amateur boxing team.

In 1990, the Soviet Congress of People’s Deputies held a secret ballot that elected Mikhail S. Gorbachev to a new, powerful presidency.

In 2008, Lindsey Vonn completed the first American sweep of the overall World Cup titles in 25 years, a day after Bode Miller won his second overall crown in Bormio, Italy.

In 2013, during his first full day as pontiff, Pope Francis stopped by his Vatican hotel to pick up his luggage and pay the bill himself.

Last year, a blustery late-season storm plastered the Northeast with sleet and snow, paralyzing much of the Washington-to-Boston corridor.