This day in history
Today is Tuesday, March 20, the 79th day of 2018. There are 286 days left in the year. Spring arrives at 12:15 p.m. Eastern time.
Birthdays: Singer Vera Lynn is 101. Director-comedian Carl Reiner is 96. Actor Hal Linden is 87. Former Canadian prime minister Brian Mulroney is 79. Country singer Don Edwards is 79. TV producer Paul Junger Witt is 77. Basketball Hall of Fame coach Pat Riley is 73. Boston Bruins Hall of Famer Bobby Orr is 70. Blues singer-musician Marcia Ball is 69. Actor William Hurt is 68. Rock drummer Carl Palmer is 68. Rock guitarist Jimmie Vaughan is 67. Shenandoah musician Jimmy Seales is 64. Movie director Spike Lee is 61. Actress Holly Hunter is 60. Actress-model-Kathy Ireland is 55.
In 1413, England’s King Henry IV died; he was succeeded by Henry V.
In 1760, a 10-hour fire erupted in Boston, destroying 349 buildings and burning 10 ships but claiming no lives.
In 1815, Napoleon Bonaparte returned to Paris after escaping his exile on Elba, beginning his ‘‘Hundred Days’’ rule.
In 1852, Harriet Beecher Stowe’s influential novel about slavery, ‘‘Uncle Tom’s Cabin,’’ was published in book form after being serialized.
In 1854, the Republican Party of the United States was founded by slavery opponents at a schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisc.
In 1942, Army General Douglas MacArthur, having evacuated the Philippines at the order of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, told reporters in Australia: ‘‘I came out of Bataan, and I shall return.’’
In 1969, John Lennon married Yoko Ono in Gibraltar.
In 1985, Libby Riddles of Teller, Alaska, became the first woman to win the Iditarod Trail Dog Sled Race.
In 1995, in Tokyo, 12 people were killed, more than 5,500 others sickened when packages containing the deadly chemical sarin were leaked on five separate subway trains by Aum Shinrikyo cult members.
In 2013, making his first visit to Israel since taking office, President Obama affirmed Israel’s sovereign right to defend itself from any threat and vowed to prevent Iran from obtaining nuclear weapons.
Last year, Supreme Court nominee Neil Gorsuch pledged to be independent or ‘‘hang up the robe’’ as the Senate began confirmation hearings on President Trump’s conservative pick for the nation’s highest bench. David Rockefeller, guardian of the Rockefeller fortune and billionaire philanthropist, died at his home in New York at age 101.