Metro

This day in history

Today is Sunday, July 8, the 189th day of 2018. There are 176 days left in the year.

Today’s Birthdays: Singer Steve Lawrence is 83. Actor Jeffrey Tambor is 74. Ballerina Cynthia Gregory is 72. Actress Kim Darby is 71. Actress Jonelle Allen is 70. Children’s performer Raffi is 70. Celebrity chef Wolfgang Puck is 69. Actress Anjelica Huston is 67. Writer Anna Quindlen is 66. Actor Kevin Bacon is 60. Country singer Toby Keith is 57. Actor Billy Crudup is 50. Actor Michael Weatherly is 50. Singer Beck is 48. Country singer Drew Womack (Sons of the Desert) is 48. Actor Lance Gross is 37. Actress Sophia Bush is 36. Rock musician Jamie Cook (Arctic Monkeys) is 33. Actor Jake McDorman is 32. Actress Maya Hawke is 20. Actor Jaden Smith is 20.

In 1663, King Charles II of England granted a Royal Charter to Rhode Island.

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In 1889, The Wall Street Journal was first published.

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In 1907, Florenz Ziegfeld staged his first ‘‘Follies,’’ on the roof of the New York Theater.

In 1947, a New Mexico newspaper, the Roswell Daily Record, quoted officials at Roswell Army Air Field as saying they had recovered a ‘‘flying saucer’’ that crashed onto a ranch; officials then said it was actually a weather balloon. (To this day, there are those who believe what fell to Earth was an alien spaceship carrying extra-terrestrial beings.)

In 1950, President Harry S. Truman named General Douglas MacArthur commander-in-chief of United Nations forces in Korea. (Truman ended up sacking MacArthur for insubordination nine months later.)

In 1986, Kurt Waldheim was inaugurated as president of Austria despite controversy over his alleged ties to Nazi war crimes.

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In 1994, Kim Il Sung, North Korea’s communist leader since 1948, died at age 82.

In 2007, Roger Federer won his fifth straight Wimbledon championship, beating Rafael Nadal 7-6 (7), 4-6, 7-6 (3), 2-6, 6-2.

In 2011, Atlantis thundered into orbit on a cargo run that would close out the three-decade U.S. space shuttle program.

In 2008, A bipartisan group chaired by former secretaries of state James Baker III and Warren Christopher released a study saying the next time the president goes to war, Congress should be consulted and vote on whether it agrees.

In 2017, At the Group of 20 summit in Hamburg, Germany, world powers lined up against President Trump on climate change, reaffirming their support for international efforts to fight global warming.