Today is Thursday, July 12, the 193rd day of 2018. There are 172 days left in the year.
Birthdays: Movie director Monte Hellman is 89. Actor-comedian Bill Cosby is 81. Fleetwood Mac singer-musician Christine McVie is 75. Actress Denise Nicholas is 74. Fitness guru Richard Simmons is 70. Singer Walter Egan is 70. Writer-producer Brian Grazer is 67. Actress Cheryl Ladd is 67. Gospel singer Sandi Patty is 62. Soul Asylum guitarist Dan Murphy is 56. Olympic gold medal figure skater Kristi Yamaguchi is 47. Rapper Magoo is 45. Actress Anna Friel is 42. Actor Topher Grace is 40. Golfer Inbee Park is 30. Actress Rachel Brosnahan is 28. Actor Erik Per Sullivan is 27. Olympic gold medal gymnast Jordyn Wieber is 23. Nobel Peace laureate Malala Yousafzai is 21.
In 1817, author and naturalist Henry David Thoreau was born in Concord, Mass.
In 1862, during the Civil War, President Lincoln signed a bill authorizing the Army Medal of Honor.
In 1960, the Etch A Sketch Magic Screen drawing toy, invented by French electrician Andre Cassagnes, was first produced by the Ohio Art Co.
In 1962, The Rolling Stones played their first gig, at The Marquee in London.
In 1967, rioting erupted in Newark, N.J., over the police beating of a black taxi driver; 26 people were killed in the five days of violence.
In 1984, Democratic presidential candidate Walter F. Mondale announced his choice of Representative Geraldine A. Ferraro of New York to be his running-mate; Ferraro was the first woman to run for vice president on a major-party ticket.
In 1994, President Clinton, visiting Germany, went to the eastern sector of Berlin, the first US president to do so since Harry Truman.
In 2001, Abner Louima, the Haitian immigrant tortured in a New York City police station, agreed to an $8.7 million settlement with the city and its police union.
In 2008, a train carrying hundreds of passengers derailed and crashed outside Paris; at least six people were killed and dozens injured.
Last year, President Trump’s nominee to lead the FBI, Christopher Wray, told a Senate panel that he did not believe that a special counsel investigation into possible Russian ties between Russia and the Trump campaign was a ‘‘witch hunt,’’ as Trump had characterized it.