This day in history
Today is Monday, July 23, the 204th day of 2018. There are 161 days left in the year.
Birthdays: Concert pianist Leon Fleisher is 90. Retiring Supreme Court Justice Anthony M. Kennedy is 82. Actor Ronny Cox is 80. Radio personality Don Imus is 78. Country singer Tony Joe White is 75. Rock singer David Essex is 71. Singer-songwriter John Hall is 70. Actor Woody Harrelson is 57. Actor Eriq Lasalle is 56. Rock musician Slash is 53. Rhythm-and-blues singer Sam Watters is 48. Singer Alison Krauss is 47. Actor-comedian Marlon Wayans is 46. Retired Red Sox All-Star Nomar Garciaparra is 45. Former White House intern Monica Lewinsky is 45.
In 1829, William Austin Burt, a Massachusetts native, received a patent for his ‘‘typographer,’’ a forerunner of the typewriter.
In 1914, Austria-Hungary presented a list of demands to Serbia following the killing of Archduke Franz Ferdinand by a Serb assassin; Serbia’s refusal to agree to the entire ultimatum led to World War I.
In 1962, the first public TV transmissions over Telstar 1 took place during a special program featuring live shots beamed from the United States to Europe, and vice versa.
In 1967, five days of deadly rioting erupted in Detroit as an early morning police raid on an unlicensed bar resulted in a confrontation with local residents that escalated into violence that spread into other parts of the city; 43 people, mostly blacks, were killed.
In 1982, actor Vic Morrow and two child actors, 7-year-old Myca Dinh Le and 6-year-old Renee Shin-Yi Chen, were killed when a helicopter crashed on top of them during filming of a Vietnam War scene for ‘‘Twilight Zone: The Movie.’’
In 1996, at the Atlanta Olympics, Kerri Strug made a heroic final vault despite torn ligaments in her left ankle as the US women gymnasts clinched their first-ever Olympic team gold medal.
In 1999, space shuttle Columbia blasted off with the world’s most powerful X-ray telescope and Eileen Collins, the first woman to command a US space flight.
In 2011, singer Amy Winehouse, 27, was found dead in her London home from accidental alcohol poisoning.
Last year, a tractor trailer was found in a Walmart parking lot in San Antonio, Texas, crammed with dozens of immigrants; ten died and many more were treated at a hospital.