Today is Tuesday, Aug. 7, the 219th day of 2018. There are 146 days left in the year.
Birthdays: Magician James Randi is 90. Former MLB pitcher Don Larsen is 89. Humorist Garrison Keillor is 76. Singer B.J. Thomas is 76. Independent counsel Robert Mueller is 74. Former talk show host Alan Keyes is 68. Country singer-songwriter Rodney Crowell is 68. Actor Wayne Knight is 63. Boston Marathon winner Alberto Salazar is 60. Actor David Duchovny is 58. Jazz pianist Marcus Roberts is 55. Actor Michael Shannon is 44. Actress Charlize Theron is 43.
In 1782, General George Washington created the Order of the Purple Heart to recognize merit in enlisted men and noncommissioned officers.
In 1789, the Department of War was established.
In 1882, the famous feud between the Hatfields of West Virginia and the McCoys of Kentucky erupted into full-scale violence.
In 1942, US and other allied forces landed at Guadalcanal, marking the start of the first major allied offensive in the Pacific during World War II. (Japanese forces abandoned the island the following February.)
In 1964, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin resolution, giving President Johnson broad powers in dealing with reported North Vietnamese attacks on US forces.
In 1990, President George H.W. Bush ordered troops and warplanes to Saudi Arabia to guard the oil-rich desert kingdom against a possible invasion by Iraq.
In 1998, terrorist bombs at US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania killed 224 people, including 12 Americans.
In 2000, Vice President and Democratic presidential candidate Al Gore selected Connecticut Senator Joseph Lieberman as his running mate; Lieberman became the first Jew on a major party’s presidential ticket.
In 2007, San Francisco’s Barry Bonds hit home run No. 756 to break Hank Aaron’s storied record with one out in the fifth inning of a game against the Washington Nationals.
In 2010, Elena Kagan was sworn in as the 112th justice and fourth woman to serve on the Supreme Court.
In 2013, President Obama’s five-year effort to reboot US-Russian relations crashed as the White House abruptly canceled his planned face-to-face summit with Russia’s Vladimir Putin.
Last year, Chicago filed a lawsuit challenging the Trump administration’s policy of withholding public safety grants from sanctuary cities.