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Today is Thursday, Aug. 9, the 221st day of 2018. There are 144 days left in the year.

Birthdays: Celtics Hall of Famer Bob Cousy is 90. Tennis Hall of Famer Rod Laver is 80. Jazz musician Jack DeJohnette is 76. Comedian-director David Steinberg is 76. Actor Sam Elliott is 74. Former Red Sox All-Star pitcher Bill Campbell is 70. Former NFL quarterback Doug Williams is 63. Actress Melanie Griffith is 61. Hockey Hall of Famer Brett Hull is 54. Football Hall of Famer Deion Sanders is 51. TV anchor Chris Cuomo is 48.

In 1854, Henry David Thoreau’s ‘‘Walden,’’ which described Thoreau’s experiences while living near Walden Pond in Concord, was first published.

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In 1945, three days after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, Japan, a B-29 Superfortress dropped a nuclear device over Nagasaki, killing an estimated 74,000 people.

In 1969, actress Sharon Tate and four other people were found brutally slain at Tate’s Los Angeles home; cult leader Charles Manson and a group of his followers were convicted of the crime.

In 1974, Vice President Gerald R. Ford became the nation’s 38th chief executive as President Nixon’s resignation took effect.

In 1995, Jerry Garcia, lead singer of the Grateful Dead, died in Forest Knolls, Calif., of a heart attack at age 53.

In 1997, Haitian immigrant Abner Louima was brutalized in a Brooklyn, N.Y., stationhouse by Officer Justin Volpe, who raped him with a broken broomstick. (Volpe was sentenced to 30 years in prison.)

In 2004, Oklahoma City bombing conspirator Terry Nichols, addressing a court for the first time, asked victims of the blast for forgiveness as a judge sentenced him to 161 consecutive life sentences.

In 2013, President Obama promised to work with Congress on ‘‘appropriate reforms’’ for the domestic surveillance programs that stirred criticism at home and abroad.

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In 2014, Michael Brown Jr., an unarmed 18-year-old black man, was shot to death by a police officer following an altercation in Ferguson, Mo.; Brown’s death led to sometimes-violent protests in US cities.

Last year, North Korea’s army said it was studying a plan to create an ‘‘enveloping fire’’ in areas around the US territory of Guam with medium- to long-range ballistic missiles.