Today is Thursday, Oct. 11, the 284th day of 2018. There are 81 days left in the year.

Birthdays: Former defense secretary William Perry is 91. Actor Ron Leibman is 81. Country singer Gene Watson is 75. Singer Daryl Hall is 72. Senator Patty Murray, Democrat of Washington, is 68. Actor David Morse is 65. Actor Stephen Spinella is 62. Football Hall of Famer Steve Young is 57. Actress Joan Cusack is 56. Actor Luke Perry is 52. Actor-comedian Artie Lange is 51. Actress Jane Krakowski is 50. Rapper MC Lyte is 47. Actor/writer Nat Faxon is 43. Actor Matt Bomer is 41. Golfer Michelle Wie is 29. Rapper Cardi B is 26.


In 1809, just over three years after his famous expedition with William Clark ended, Meriwether Lewis was found dead in a Tennessee inn, an apparent suicide; he was 35.

In 1884, American first lady Eleanor Roosevelt was born in New York City.

In 1910, Theodore Roosevelt became the first former US president to fly in an airplane during a visit to St. Louis.

In 1958, the lunar probe Pioneer 1 was launched; it failed to go as far out as planned, fell back to Earth, and burned up in the atmosphere.

In 1962, Pope John XXIII convened the first session of the Roman Catholic Church’s Second Vatican Council, also known as ‘‘Vatican 2.’’

In 1968, Apollo 7, the first manned Apollo mission, was launched with astronauts Wally Schirra, Donn Fulton Eisele, and R. Walter Cunningham aboard. The government of Panama was overthrown in a military coup.

In 1983, the last full-fledged hand-cranked telephone system in the United States went out of service as 440 telephone customers in Bryant Pond, Maine, were switched over to direct-dial service.

In 1986, President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev opened two days of talks concerning arms control and human rights in Reykjavik, Iceland.


In 2002, former president Jimmy Carter was named the recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.

In 2008, President George W. Bush and foreign financial officials, meeting at the White House, displayed joint resolve in combatting the unfolding financial crisis.

In 2013, the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons won the Nobel Peace Prize for its efforts to stop chemical warfare.

Last year, the Boy Scouts revealed it would admit girls into the Cub Scouts starting in 2018 and establish a new program for older girls based on the Boy Scout curriculum.