Today is Friday, Nov. 23, the 327th day of 2018. There are 38 days left in the year.

Birthdays: Former labor secretary William E. Brock is 88. Former Red Sox star pitcher Luis Tiant is 78. Screenwriter Joe Eszterhas is 74. Chuck Schumer, Democratic Senate leader, is 68. Singer Bruce Hornsby is 64. TV personality Robin Roberts is 58. Actress-singer Miley Cyrus is 26.

In 1765, Frederick County in Maryland became the first colonial American entity to repudiate the British Stamp Act.

In 1804, the 14th president, Franklin Pierce, was born in Hillsboro, N.H.

In 1889, the first jukebox made its debut in San Francisco, at the Palais Royale Saloon. (The coin-operated device consisted of four listening tubes attached to an Edison phonograph.)


In 1903, Enrico Caruso made his American debut at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York, appearing in ‘‘Rigoletto.’’

In 1936, Life, the photojournalism magazine created by Henry R. Luce, was first published.

In 1971, the People’s Republic of China was seated in the UN Security Council.

In 1980, about 2,600 people were killed by a series of earthquakes that devastated southern Italy.

In 1996, a commandeered Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 767 crashed into the water off the Comoros Islands, killing 125 of the 175 people on board, including all three hijackers.

In 2000, in a setback for Al Gore, the Florida Supreme Court refused to order Miami-Dade County officials to resume hand-counting its Election-Day ballots. Meanwhile, Gore’s lawyers argued in a brief filed with the US Supreme Court that the justices should stay out of the Florida election controversy.

In 2006, former KGB spy Alexander Litvinenko died in London from radiation poisoning after making a deathbed statement blaming Russian President Vladimir Putin.

In 2008, the US government unveiled a bold plan to rescue Citigroup, injecting a fresh $20 billion into the troubled firm plus guaranteeing hundreds of billions of dollars in risky assets.


In 2013, President Obama said a nuclear deal reached with Iran in Geneva was an ‘‘important first step’’ toward addressing the world’s concerns over the Islamic republic’s disputed nuclear program.

Last year, the holiday shopping season kicked off with some major retailers opening on Thanksgiving afternoon or evening, hoping for a lift from a better economy.