Metro

This day in history

Today is Wednesday, Jan. 2, the second day of 2019. There are 363 days left in the year.

Birthdays: Former House speaker Dennis Hastert is 77. TV host Jack Hanna is 72. Actor Cuba Gooding Jr. is 51. Actress Renee Elise Goldsberry is 48. Actress Kate Bosworth is 36. Jazz singer-musician Trombone Shorty is 33. Rhythm-and-blues singer-rapper Bryson Tiller is 26.

In 1792, the first classes began at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C.

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In 1929, the United States and Canada reached agreement on joint action to preserve Niagara Falls.

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In 1935, Bruno Hauptmann went on trial in Flemington, N.J., on charges of kidnapping and murdering the 20-month-old son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh. (Hauptmann was found guilty, and executed.)

In 1942, the Philippine capital of Manila was captured by Japanese forces during World War II.

In 1960, Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts launched his successful bid for the presidency.

In 1967, Republican Ronald Reagan took the oath of office as the new governor of California in a ceremony that took place in Sacramento.

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In 1974, President Nixon signed legislation requiring states to limit highway speeds to 55 miles an hour as a way of conserving gasoline in the face of an OPEC oil embargo. (The speed limit was effectively phased out in 1987; federal speed limits were abolished in 1995.)

In 1983, the original Broadway production of the musical ‘‘Annie’’ closed after a run of 2,377 performances.

In 2006, a methane gas explosion at the Sago Mine in West Virginia claimed the lives of 12 miners, but one miner, Randal McCloy, Jr., was eventually rescued.

In 2009, President George W. Bush branded Hamas rocket attacks on Israel an ‘‘act of terror.’’

In 2014, fifty-two passengers trapped for more than a week on an icebound Russian research ship in the Antarctic were rescued when a Chinese helicopter swooped in and plucked them from the ice.

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Last year, Republican Senator Orrin Hatch of Utah said he would not seek reelection after serving more than 40 years in the Senate; the announcement cleared the way for 2012 GOP presidential nominee Mitt Romney to successfully run for the seat. Senator Al Franken formally resigned from the Senate a month after the Minnesota Democrat announced his plan to leave Congress amid a series of sexual misconduct allegations.