As home values and rents continue climbing nationwide, affordable housing is the number-one concern for big city mayors — whether Republican or Democratic — and the cost of housing is the sole issue that many mayors from both parties consider a significant barrier to social mobility, according to a new study from the Boston University Initiative on Cities.
Almost two-thirds of mayors consider affordable housing an integral part of city infrastructure, though only 56 percent favor relaxing zoning rules to encourage greater density in established, popular neighborhoods, according to BU’s 2018 Menino Survey of Mayors.
“By and large, I think mayors are acknowledging the challenges in reshaping their cities’ housing,” said Katherine Levine Einstein, a BU assistant professor of political science and co-author of the study, which is named for former longtime Boston mayor Thomas M. Menino.
Einstein added, though, that the mayors’ reluctance to increase density doesn’t seem to “match what they’ve said about how big a priority this is for them.”
Einstein worked with Menino to develop the annual survey during the late mayor’s 2014 stint at BU. Researchers interviewed 110 mayors of cities with populations greater than 75,000 from 37 states last summer to gather data. Their findings are set to be released Tuesday at the National Press Club in Washington, D.C.
Ed Skyler, a former New York deputy mayor who is now an executive vice president at banking giant Citi, which helped fund the study with the Rockefeller Foundation, said in a statement that the survey “reveals just how widespread the affordable housing crisis is in our country; not just affecting big cities, but permeating into smaller urban areas as well.”
Researchers also found that Republican and Democratic mayors differed sharply on some controversial issues.
“A lot of times we want to think of local officials as being nonpartisan, and that really isn’t the case,” Einstein said. “Democratic and Republican mayors . . . have very different kinds of policy preferences.”
On marijuana, two-thirds of Democratic mayors surveyed favored legalization and regulation, while two-thirds of Republican mayors opposed those actions.
Regarding immigrants, 86 percent of Democratic mayors surveyed said legal status shouldn’t affect access to local government services, but only 29 percent of Republican mayors agreed.
And on the issue of urban affordability, 42 percent of Democratic mayors said the largest barrier to social mobility in their cities is a dearth of jobs that pay a living wage. Only 12 percent of Republican mayors agreed, with 19 percent of Republican mayors saying their cities have no obstacles to social mobility.
Sixty percent of Democratic mayors said they support living-wage ordinances, but no Republican mayors agreed, marking the largest partisan gap in the survey’s five-year history.
“It’s not particularly surprising that Republicans aren’t as into living wage ordinances as Democrats,” Einstein said, “but we didn’t find a single Republican mayor who felt that living wage ordinances were a good idea.”