Today is Sunday, July 14, the 195th day of 2019. There are 170 days left in the year.
Birthdays: Actress Nancy Olson is 91. Former football player and actor Rosey Grier is 87. Actor Vincent Pastore is 73. Music executive Tommy Mottola is 71. Actor Eric Laneuville is 67. Movie producer Scott Rudin is 61. Actress Jane Lynch is 59. Actor Jackie Earle Haley is 58. Actor Matthew Fox is 53. Rock singer-musician Tanya Donelly is 53. Olympic gold medal snowboarder Ross Rebagliati is 48. Hip-hop musician ‘‘taboo’’ (Black Eyed Peas) is 44.
In 1789, in an event symbolizing the start of the French Revolution, citizens of Paris stormed the Bastille prison and released the seven prisoners inside.
In 1798, Congress passed the Sedition Act, making it a federal crime to publish false, scandalous, or malicious writing about the US government.
In 1912, American folk singer-songwriter Woody Guthrie (“This Land Is Your Land”) was born in Okemah, Okla.
In 1921, Italian-born anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were convicted in Dedham of murdering a shoe company paymaster and his guard in Braintree. (Sacco and Vanzetti were executed six years later.)
In 1933, all German political parties, except the Nazi Party, were outlawed.
In 1966, the city of Chicago awoke to the shocking news that eight student nurses had been brutally slain during the night in a South Side dormitory. Drifter Richard Speck was convicted of the mass killing and condemned to death, but had his sentence reduced to life in prison, where he died in 1991.
In 1976, Jimmy Carter won the Democratic presidential nomination at the party’s convention in New York.
In 1980, the Republican national convention opened in Detroit, where nominee-apparent Ronald Reagan told a welcoming rally he and his supporters were determined to ‘‘make America great again.’’
In 1999, race-based school busing in Boston came to an end after 25 years.
In 2003, newspaper columnist Robert Novak publicly revealed the CIA employment of Valerie Plame, wife of Joseph Wilson, a former US ambassador in Africa who said the administration had twisted prewar intelligence on Iraq.
In 2004, the Senate scuttled a constitutional amendment banning gay marriage. (Forty-eight senators voted to advance the measure — 12 short of the 60 needed — and 50 voted to block it).
In 2009, at her Senate confirmation hearing, Supreme Court nominee Sonia Sotomayor pushed back vigorously against Republican charges that she would bring bias and a liberal agenda to the nation’s highest bench.
In 2013, thousands of demonstrators across the country protested a Florida jury’s decision the day before to clear George Zimmerman in the shooting death of Trayvon Martin.
In 2014, Citigroup agreed to pay $7 billion to settle a federal investigation into its handling of risky subprime mortgages. The Church of England voted overwhelmingly in favor of allowing women to become bishops.
In 2016, terror struck Bastille Day celebrations in the French Riviera city of Nice as a large truck plowed into a festive crowd, killing 86 people in an attack claimed by Islamic State extremists; the driver was shot dead by police.
In 2017, a Russian-American lobbyist said he attended a June 2016 meeting with President Trump’s son that was billed as part of a Russian government effort to help the Republican campaign.
Last year, Angelique Kerber beat Serena Williams in the women’s final, 6-3, 6-3 for her first Wimbledon title. Thousands of people in Scotland staged colorful, peaceful protests against Donald Trump as the president played golf at his Scottish golf resort at Turnberry ahead of his summit in Finland with Russian President Vladimir Putin.