Today is Thursday, Jan. 16, the 16th day of 2020. There are 350 days left in the year.
Birthdays: Author William Kennedy is 92. Author-editor Norman Podhoretz is 90. Opera singer Marilyn Horne is 86. Hall of Fame auto racer A.J. Foyt is 85. Singer Barbara Lynn is 78. Country singer Ronnie Milsap is 77. Country singer Jim Stafford is 76. Talk show host Dr. Laura Schlessinger is 73. Movie director John Carpenter is 72. Actress-dancer-choreographer Debbie Allen is 70. Rhythm-and-blues singer Maxine Jones (En Vogue) is 61. Singer Sade is 61. Former Labor secretary Alexander Acosta is 51. Actor-writer-director Josh Evans is 49. Actor-comedian Jonathan Mangum is 49. Actor Richard T. Jones is 48. Actress Josie Davis is 47. Model Kate Moss is 46. Actor-playwright Lin-Manuel Miranda is 40. Rock musician Nick Valensi (The Strokes) is 39. Actress Renee Felice Smith is 35. Actress Yvonne Zima is 31.
■ In 1547, Ivan IV of Russia (popularly known as ‘‘Ivan the Terrible”) was crowned czar.
■ In 1865, Union General William T. Sherman decreed that 400,000 acres of land in the South would be divided into 40-acre lots and given to former slaves. (The order, later revoked by President Andrew Johnson, is believed to have inspired the expression, ‘‘Forty acres and a mule.”)
■ In 1912, a day before reaching the South Pole, British explorer Robert Scott and his expedition found evidence that Roald Amundsen of Norway and his team had gotten there ahead of them.
■ In 1920, Prohibition began in the United States as the 18th Amendment to the Constitution took effect, one year to the day after its ratification. (It was later repealed by the 21st Amendment.)
■ In 1969, two manned Soviet Soyuz spaceships became the first vehicles to dock in space and transfer personnel.
■ In 1978, NASA named 35 candidates to fly on the space shuttle, including Sally K. Ride, who became America’s first woman in space, and Guion S. Bluford Jr., who became America’s first black astronaut in space.
■ In 1987, Hu Yaobang resigned as head of China’s Communist Party, declaring he’d made mistakes in dealing with student turmoil and intellectual challenges to the system.
■ In 1989, three days of rioting began in Miami when a police officer fatally shot Clement Lloyd, a black motorcyclist, causing a crash that also claimed the life of Lloyd’s passenger, Allan Blanchard. (The officer, William Lozano, was convicted of manslaughter but was acquitted in a retrial.)
■ In 1991, the White House announced the start of Operation Desert Storm to drive Iraqi forces out of Kuwait. (Allied forces prevailed on Feb. 28, 1991.)
■ In 1992, officials of the government of El Salvador and rebel leaders signed a pact in Mexico City ending 12 years of civil war that had left at least 75,000 people dead.
■ In 2003, the space shuttle Columbia blasted off for what turned out to be its last flight, The mission ended in tragedy on Feb. 1, when the shuttle broke up during its return descent, killing all seven crew members.
■ In 2004, pop star Michael Jackson pleaded not guilty to child molestation charges during a court appearance in Santa Maria, Calif. (Jackson was eventually acquitted.)
■ In 2007, Senator Barack Obama, Democrat of Illinois, launched his successful bid for the White House.
■ In 2010, as precious water and food began reaching parched and hungry earthquake survivors on the streets of Haiti’s ruined capital Port-au-Prince, US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton met with Haitian President Rene Preval and promised that US quake relief efforts would be closely coordinated with local officials.
■ In 2015, anti-terrorism raids across Europe netted dozens of suspects as authorities rushed to thwart more attacks by people with links to Mideast Islamic extremists. The NCAA agreed to restore 112 football wins it had stripped from Penn State and Joe Paterno in the Jerry Sandusky child-molestation scandal and to reinstate the venerated late coach as the winningest in major college football history.
■ Last year, British Prime Minister Theresa May survived a no-confidence vote in Parliament while trying to keep Brexit on track. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi asked President Trump to postpone his scheduled Jan. 29 State of the Union speech, citing concerns about whether the partially-shuttered government could provide adequate security; Republicans said the move was a ploy to deny Trump the stage. (Trump delivered the speech a week later than scheduled.) A suicide bombing claimed by Islamic State militants killed at least 16 people in northern Syria, including two US service members and two American civilians.