Globe Local

‘Little Women’ is turning 150. Here’s where the story began

Barry Chin/Globe Staff
A trunk at Orchard House in Concord contains costumes made by the Alcott sisters which they wore performing plays at home — a pastime also featured in “Little Women.” The youngest sister, May, drew mythological and biblical figures on the woodwork and walls of her bedroom.

With their father away on a long-term professional gig, four teenage sisters who dream of changing the world as artists, writers, and thinkers turn to their mother for counsel and comfort.

It may sound like the perfect story for today, emphasizing the potential of incipient feminists who are more consumed with matters of creativity and political activism than fashion or domesticity.

But this particular story is in fact well over a century old. Sept. 30 marks the 150th anniversary of the publication of Louisa May Alcott’s “Little Women.”

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As well-received as the book was upon publication, it feels barely less timely now — which may be why two new screen adaptations of the story have been made over the past year and a third — the most high-profile — is in the works: a feature film directed by Greta Gerwig set to open in December 2019 starring Meryl Streep, Saoirse Ronan, Emma Watson, and Timothée Chalamet.

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Other current versions include the three-episode miniseries jointly produced by the BBC and PBS’s “Masterpiece,” which aired in May and starred Maya Hawke, Michael Gambon, Angela Lansbury, and Emily Watson; and a modern retelling directed by Clare Niederpruem and starring Lea Thompson that opens in theaters Sept. 28.

Each of these — along with earlier versions including the 1994 feature that starred Winona Ryder, Christian Bale, Susan Sarandon, and Kirsten Dunst; the 1949 film with June Allyson and Elizabeth Taylor; and the 1933 film with Katharine Hepburn — explores the perennially beloved story of the March sisters and their mother, who write, draw, talk, quarrel, and emote in a community evocative of Alcott’s Concord hometown while their father is away ministering to soldiers during the Civil War.

Concord, MA - 9/11/2018 - Jan Turnquist, Executive Director, Louisa May AlcottÕs Orchard House in Concord, MA next to a portrait of Louisa May Alcott done by George Healy, a famous portrait painter. - (Barry Chin/Globe Staff), Section: West Regional, Reporter: Nancy West, Topic: 23wealcott, LOID:8.4.3124863628.
Barry Chin/Globe Staff
Jan Turnquist, executive director of Orchard House, stands next to a portrait of Louisa May Alcott.

Each of the current versions has something else in common, too: the expert counsel of Jan Turnquist, who has served for nearly 20 years as executive director of the Orchard House in Concord, the museum that was young Louisa May Alcott’s home when she penned that book as well as several others and served as a salon to the Alcott family’s literary circle of friends that included Emerson and Thoreau.

Perhaps reflecting Hollywood’s new emphasis on accuracy in historical retellings, the recent adaptations have called upon Turnquist serving as an informal consultant on everything from props to backgrounds — and she couldn’t be more pleased.

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“Jess Gonchor, production designer for the Gerwig film, recently called to ask for the exact formulation of paint color for the exterior of the house,” Turnquist recalled. “The fact that they care, and have come to us for the sake of authenticity, is quite lovely.”

The PBS Masterpiece version even brought Turnquist to Ireland as a set consultant. The verdant pastures near Dublin may resemble Concord’s 19th-century farmlands, noted Susanne Simpson, deputy executive producer for Masterpiece, but the architecture differs somewhat.

“Our production designer had a group of construction workers putting together the March house. They started running the clapboard vertically instead of horizontally,” Simpson said. “Jan pointed out that the New England style is horizontal. She was able to catch something that could have been a big mistake.”

"Little Women" on MASTERPIECE on PBS, Part Two, Sunday, May 20, 2018 at the special time of 8pm ET. Shown from left to right: Kathryn Newton as Amy, Willa Fitzgerald as Meg and Emily Watson as Marmee. For editorial use only. Courtesy of MASTERPIECE on PBS, BBC and Playground.
MASTERPIECE on PBS, BBC and Playground
(From left) Kathryn Newton appears as Amy, Willa Fitzgerald as Meg, and Emily Watson as Marmee March in the 2018 three-episode television miniseries jointly produced by the BBC and PBS, which was set in Concord but

It was a learning experience for Turnquist as well. The Masterpiece writers, led by Heidi Thomas of “Call the Midwife,” scripted a scene for “Little Women” in which a character’s grandfather gives him a football for Christmas. Uncertain about the accuracy of that detail, Turnquist did her research and found references to American football dating back to 1862, so the scene was viable.

For director Clare Niederpruem, whose contemporary interpretation opens on Friday, Sept. 28, visiting Orchard House for inspiration as she worked on the film was a homecoming of sorts.

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“I grew up in Western Massachusetts and took a field trip to visit the Orchard House when I was a little girl,” Niederpruem recalled. “I remember looking at Louisa May Alcott’s desk, thinking it was so big at the time, and being inspired that she wrote my favorite book in the corner of her bedroom less than an hour away from my bedroom. I had the chance to go back to Orchard House this year, and although her desk seemed a lot smaller to me now, I felt the spirit of Louisa May Alcott and her family more prominently. She was a feminist, a pioneer, a radical woman who was not afraid to break boundaries.”

Although Turnquist has devoted her career to authentic representation of the Alcott family, she greets each new “Little Women” production with an open mind.

“I’ve seen ‘Little Women’ as an opera, a musical, various plays. Every single one is full of interpretation,” she said. “I go into each one just thinking, ‘I wonder what they’ll do.’ ”

Concord, MA - 9/11/2018 - One of four Diorama scenes from "Little Women" hand-made by Louise Stimson of Concord and donated in 1968. - (Barry Chin/Globe Staff), Section: West Regional, Reporter: Nancy West, Topic: 23wealcott, LOID:8.4.3124863628.
Barry Chin/Globe Staff
A diorama scene from "Little Women" was hand made by Louise Stimson of Concord and donated to Orchard House in 1968.

Besides, it gives her an opportunity to clear up certain misconceptions — such as when she was invited to an early investors’ event for the Broadway production and heard the gentleman seated behind her telling his female companion that it was a travesty to “Americanize” the story of this British family. Turnquist patiently kept silent until she was introduced to the same fellow at a post-meeting reception, when she tactfully set him straight on Alcott’s national origins.

“Everyone is homing in on ‘Little Women’ right now because of the 150th anniversary, but the reason it has endured is that the basic story of sisters who love each other through all kinds of ups and downs is meaningful in every interpretation and every culture,” said Turnquist of the book, which has been translated into more than 50 languages.

The Orchard House will hold its own 150th birthday party for “Little Women” on Sunday, Sept. 30, from 1 to 4:30 p.m. with 19th-century crafts, cider-making, a string quartet, contemporary ballet and vintage dancers, a progressive “Little Women” read, and refreshments. Admission to the celebration is free. For more information, go to louisamayalcott.org.

Concord, MA - 9/11/2018 - Exterior photos of Louisa May AlcottÕs Orchard House in Concord, MA. - (Barry Chin/Globe Staff), Section: West Regional, Reporter: Nancy West, Topic: 23wealcott, LOID:8.4.3124863628.
Barry Chin/Globe Staff
Orchard House will hold a birthday party for “Little Women” on Sunday, Sept. 30.
Concord, MA - 9/11/2018 - Flower painting by Beth, and the original desk built by Bronson Alcott for his daughter Louisa May Alcott where she wrote "Little Women" Barry Chin/Globe Staff), Section: West Regional, Reporter: Nancy West, Topic: 23wealcott, LOID:8.4.3124863628.
Barry Chin/Globe Staff
Louisa May Alcott’s father, Bronson, built this desk where she wrote “Little Women.” Her youngest sister, May, painted a panel of calla lilies and nasturtiums beside the desk to cheer Louisa.
Concord, MA - 9/11/2018 - The only portrait of Beth who was the musically talented sister in real life and in the book inside Louisa May AlcottÕs Orchard House in Concord, MA. The instrument is a melodian. - (Barry Chin/Globe Staff), Section: West Regional, Reporter: Nancy West, Topic: 23wealcott, LOID:8.4.3124863628.
Barry Chin/Globe Staff
Elizabeth Alcott’s portrait hangs above the melodian she played inside Orchard House. Quiet and shy, she was portrayed as Beth in “Little Women.”
Concord, MA - 9/11/2018 - Louisa's handwritten name on sewing kit materials on display at Orchard House in Concord, MA. - (Barry Chin/Globe Staff), Section: West Regional, Reporter: Nancy West, Topic: 23wealcott, LOID:8.4.3124863628.
Barry Chin/Globe Staff
Louisa's handwritten name is on sewing kit materials on display at Orchard House.

Nancy Shohet West can be reached at nancyswest@gmail.com.