Lincoln Alexander, 90, Canada’s first black Cabinet minister

Lincoln Alexander of Ontario arrived to deliver a speech from the throne in Toronto.
Gary Hershorn/REUTERS
Lincoln Alexander of Ontario arrived to deliver a speech from the throne in Toronto.

NEW YORK — Lincoln Alexander, the son of a hotel maid and a railway porter who became ­Canada’s first black member of Parliament and its first black Cabinet minister, died Friday in ­Hamilton, Ontario. He was 90.

David C. Onley, the lieutenant governor of Ontario, announced the death.

Mr. Alexander was also ­Canada’s first black lieutenant governor, but when he was elected to the House of Commons in 1968, he said he had tired of being called ‘‘the first Negro’’ anything. He sought to speak for all victims of injustice, he said. Blacks make up just 2.5 percent of Canada’s population.


With his election to Parliament, he was one of the few urban members of the Progressive Conservative Party to buck the landside vote for Pierre Trudeau’s Liberals that year. In the Commons, he became a leader on issues like immigration overhaul and urban renewal.

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When the Conservatives gained power in 1979, he was named labor minister and promoted literacy education to enhance job preparation.

Mr. Alexander had a strong personality, bragging that nobody could beat him at ‘‘working a room’’ and roaring in Parliament that Liberals had ‘‘bamboozled’’ the public.

‘‘I’ve never really been in awe of anyone,’’ he once said. ‘‘When you’re 6-foot-3 and 220 pounds and good lookin’, you know, you’re not in awe of too many people.’’

Lincoln MacCauley Alexander was born in Toronto.


His parents had come from the Caribbean. He was the only black student in his classrooms through high school, except during the two years he lived in New York, from age 15 to age 17. His mother had taken him and his brother there in a time of marital discord, but she sent him back to his father in Toronto when Lincoln began hanging out on New York streets and carrying a switchblade.

After working as a machinist and being a radio operator for the Royal Canadian Air Force, he studied history and economics at McMaster University in Hamilton, graduating in 1949. He earned a law degree from Osgoode Hall Law School of York University.

He was a partner in one of Canada’s first inter­racial law firms before winning election to Parliament.

After five terms, Mr. Alexander became chairman of Ontario’s workmen’s compensation board; ­Ontario’s lieutenant governor, a largely ceremonial post; and chancellor of the University of Guelph in Ontario.

Mr. Alexander’s wife of 51 years, the former Yvonne Harrison, died in 1999. In 2011, he married Marni Beale, who survives him. He also leaves a son, Keith, and two granddaughters.


Among the places named for him is the Lincoln Alexander Parkway in Hamilton, ­although he never learned to drive and feared traffic. He always sat ‘‘in the back, real low,’’ he said, ‘‘so I can’t see what’s going on.’’