Erwin Harris; seized assets from Castro to repay debts

NEW YORK — Erwin Harris left behind a respectable record of achievement as an advertising executive, an estimable collection of Chinese antiquities (his lifelong hobby), a loving family, and a remarkable if little-remembered role in the tortured history of diplomatic relations between the United States and Cuba in the early 1960s.

Mr. Harris, a Yonkers, N.Y.-born World War II veteran who died in Miami March 9 at 91, probably did not tip the scales of history. But from 1960 to 1961, armed with nothing more than a court order from a Florida judge and accompanied by local sheriff’s deputies, he scoured the East Coast confiscating Cuban government property, including the state airplane Fidel Castro parked in New York while on a visit.

It was a dogged mission in pursuit of compensation for what he said Castro owed him: $429,000 in bills stemming from an advertising campaign promoting Cuban tourism.


At different times, Mr. Harris seized two Cubana Airlines passenger planes, five cargo planes, a ­Cuban navy vessel, and a boatload of 1.2 million Cuban cigars arriving in Tampa, Fla. In Key West, he appropriated train cars carrying 3.5 million pounds of cooking lard bound for Havana. Temporary lard rationing in Cuba ensued.

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In September 1960, he took control of Castro’s personal government plane while Castro was in New York for a 10-day official visit and began arranging to have it auctioned.

The Soviet leader, Nikita S. Khrushchev, stepped in to replace the plane Mr. Harris had snatched.

By then, Castro had added airplane stealing to the litany of abuses he said were being perpetrated against his country by the US government. In a fiery four-hour speech to the United Nations, he said the purpose of the abuse was to restore Cuba to its prerevolutionary status as ‘‘a colony’’ of the United States and US monopolies.

Despite heated phone calls between UN officials and the State Department, half the members of the Cuban delegation were still scrambling for flights home, and the rest were returning on the Soviet aircraft.


Philip Brenner, a professor of international relations at American University in Washington, said a tense and hectic atmosphere that week probably helped Mr. Harris carry out his seizures. Debates had erupted over UN membership for the People’s Republic of ­China, Soviet and US officials were jockeying over proposed arms talks, and the first presidential debate between Senator John Kennedy and Vice President Richard Nixon was broadcast that week.

“Everything was so wild, I’d guess the authorities were just blindsided by this guy,’’ Brenner said.

Many of Mr. Harris’s seizures were contested, and some properties, including Castro’s plane, were returned. Mr. Harris recovered part of his money, though not all, selling confiscated property at auction far below its value.