Leslie Wolfe, a longtime advocate for the rights of women and girls, who helped produce studies showing gender-based inequality in education and the workplace, died Nov. 30 at a hospice center in Rockville, Md. She was 74.
The cause was complications from dementia, said a former colleague, Karen Schneider.
As president of the Center for Women Policy Studies from 1987 to 2015, Dr. Wolfe was instrumental in drawing attention to a variety of issues.
In 1989, Dr. Wolfe was the coauthor of an influential study examining gender bias and racial discrimination in the Scholastic Aptitude Tests, the exams widely used in college admissions. The study concluded that the SAT was constructed in a biased manner that consistently gave male students higher scores than female students.
Researchers from the Educational Testing Service, which developed the SAT, confirmed the gender bias Dr. Wolfe had highlighted. But when she sought to find ways to change the tests, she encountered opposition from ETS and the College Board .