Crisis in the Mediterranean

Hundreds of migrants have perished trying to make the trek through the Mediterranean Sea to Europe this year. Just days ago, over 700 hundred are feared dead in a sunken boat disaster off the coast of Libya. Near the Greek Island of the Rhodes, rescued efforts continued, as boats carrying migrants crashed into rocks. With such a huge loss of life, European leaders are forced to respond to this humanitarian crisis as emergency meetings are planned this week.--By Leanne Burden Seidel
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A survivor of the boat that overturned off the coast of Libya disembarks from Italian Coast Guard ship Bruno Gregoretti, at Catania Harbor, Italy. The United Nations refugee agency said that more than 800 people were believed to have drowned in the weekend sinking of a boat packed with migrants trying to reach Europe, making it the deadliest such disaster in the Mediterranean. (Tullio M. Puglia/Getty Images)
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A rescuer cradles a child in the Sicilian harbor of Pozzallo, Italy, April 20. (Alessandra Tarantino/Associated Press)
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Italian Coast Guard officers disembark the body of a dead migrant off the ship Bruno Gregoretti, in Valletta's Grand Harbour, April 20. The Italian patrol ship arrived in Malta with 24 corpses recovered out of hundreds feared drowned after a migrant boat capsized in the Mediterranean. (Lino Azzopardi)
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Migrants wait to disembark in the Sicilian harbor of Pozzallo, Italy on April 20. About 100 migrants, including 28 children, were rescued on Sunday by a merchant vessel in the Sicilian Strait while they were trying to cross. (Alessandra Tarantino/Assoicated Press)
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Tunisian skipper Mohammed Ali Malek (left) stands on the deck of the Italian Coast Guard ship Gregretti which is carrying 27 survivors of the migrant shipwreck in the Mediterranean, on April 20 in Catania, Italy. Ali Malek was arrested and charged with reckless multiple homicide, Syrian crew member Mahmud Bikhit was also arrested and charged with people trafficking as they stepped onto Sicilian soil last night. (Tullio M. Puglia/Getty Images)
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Surviving immigrants lie on the deck of the Italian coastguard ship Bruno Gregoretti in Senglea, in Valletta's Grand Harbour, April 20. (Darrin Zammit /Reuters)
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Migrants arrive on the boat at the Sicilian harbor of Pozzallo April 19, (Alessandro Bianchi/Reuters)
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A migrant who survived the shipwreck off the Libyan coast looks on upon arrival onboard the Italian Coast Guard's vessel Bruno Gregoretti at Catania's port, Sicily, Italy, early April 21. (Alessandro Di Meo/EPA)
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A child looks on as he arrives with migrants on a boat at the Sicilian harbor of Pozzallo, April 19. (Alessandro Bianchi/Reuters)
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A migrant is helped disembark in the Sicilian harbor of Pozzallo, Italy, April 20. About 100 migrants, including 28 children, were rescued on Sunday by a merchant vessel in the Sicilian Strait. (Alessandra Tarantino)
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Women leave flowers in memory of victims near the Italian Coast Guard ship Gregretti which is carrying 27 survivors of the migrant shipwreck in the Mediterranean, on April 20, in Catania, Italy. (Tullio M. Puglia/Getty Images)
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Some of the estimated 250 detained migrants who were hoping to board boats that would take them to Europe sit in the Abu Salim detention centret of Tripoli, Libya, April 21. The EU has held an emergency meeting to explore ways to stem the ever growing trafficking of people from the North African coast to Europe where they are seeking a better life. (EPA)
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A migrant holds a placard during a protest in front of the Italian Chamber of Deputies in Rome, April 21. The U.N. refugee agency on Tuesday urged European leaders to put the protection of migrants at the center of debate over the crisis in the Mediterranean and to do more to help Greece and Italy cope. (Yara Nardi/Reuters)
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At least three people, including a child, died when a boat carrying more than 80 migrants sank off the Greek island of Rhodes on April 20. Most of the migrants fell into the water and managed to swim safely to the beach with the assistance of the locals. (Loukas Mastis/EPA)
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A man carries a migrant woman as local residents and rescue workers help survivors after their boat sank off the island of Rhodes, southeastern Greece, on April 20. (Argiris Mantikos/AFP/Getty Images)
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Men carry a dead body on the shore in the eastern Aegean island of Rhodes, Greece on April 20, after a wooden boat carrying migrants from ran aground. (Nikolas Nanev/Assocciated Press)
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Local residents and rescue workers help survivors after a boat carrying migrants sank off the island of Rhodes, southeastern Greece, on April 20. (Argiris Mantikos/AFP/Getty Images)
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A silhouette of an Eastern European migrant waiting to temporarily settle in a locale in Decines is seen on a wall on April 21. With the help of the association Coordination Urgence Migrants (Coordination Emergency Migrants), around 145 people, mostly Albanians, started to set up in the industrial building rented by the diocese of Lyon. (Jeff Pachoud/AFP/Getty Images)
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Eastern European migrants wait to temporarily settle in a locale in Decines after staying in buildings belonging to the army and the diocese of Lyon, on April 21. (Jeff Pachoud/AFP/Getty Images)
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Migrants attend a protest in front of the Italian Chamber of Deputies in Rome, April 21. (Yara Nardi/Reuters)
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Migrants from Syria cross the railways at the border post of Idomeni, at the Greece-Macedonia border on April 21. Since Greece bolstered controls along its land border with Turkey along the Evros River, illegal migrants have turned to the maritime route between Turkey and the Greek islands in the Aegean Sea. 2015 started with a major increase in the number of Aegean crossings : 10,445 against 2,863 in the same period of 2014, according to the Greek port police. (SAKIS MITROLIDIS/AFP/Getty Images)
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A family of Syrian refugees arrives at the train station of the northern port city of Thessaloniki, Greece, on April, 21. This year has seen a significant increase in the numbers of migrants crossing illegally to Greece from Turkey. Many then seek to continue their trip northwards, through Macedonia or Bulgaria, in the hope of reaching affluent western countries such as Germany or Britain that offer better welfare benefits to refugees than Greece does. (Giannis Papanikos/Associated Press)
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Demonstrators take part in a protest against immigration policy and border management in front of the italian parliament in Rome's Montecitorio Square on April 21. Various associations, trade unions and activists gathered to ask for humanitarian commitment in the wake of last weekend's migrant boat disaster. (FILIPPO MONTEFORTE/AFP/Getty Images)
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A migrant walks at an immigration center in Mineo, on the Italian island of Sicily, April 21. European Union leaders should agree on concrete funding for stepped-up Mediterranean search and rescue operations for migrants at a special summit this week, European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker said on Tuesday. (Antonio Parrinello/Reuters)
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Demonstrators hold placards that read "Right to escape" take part in a protest against immigration policy and border management in front of the italian parliament in Rome's Montecitorio Square on April 21. (FILIPPO MONTEFORTE/AFP/Getty Images)
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Amnesty International volunteers lie in a body bags on the beach on April 22 in Brighton, England. The charity placed two hundred body bags next to the sea to highlight the migrant crisis in the Mediterranean. Hundreds of migrants have drowned trying to reach Europe in the last few days. (Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
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Migrants sit inside a store room at a Greek Coast Guard office on the southeastern Greek island of Rhodes, on April 22. Greek authorities say that at least three people, including a child, died on Tuesday after a wooden boat carrying migrants ran aground off the island of Rhodes. (Yorgos Karahalis/Associated Press)
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