Migrant crisis in Europe

Record number of migrants, most of them refugees fleeing war and crisis in the Mideast and Africa are seeking asylum in Europe. The countries are grappling with what to do with the unprecedented numbers as the crisis escalates and measures are implemented to control the masses. Many have died on their perilous journeys across land and sea.--By Leanne Burden Seidel
Migrants pass the border between the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Greece, near the town of Gevgelija, Sept. 2. The Gevgelija-Presevo journey is just a part of the journey that the refugees, the vast majority of them from Syria, are forced to make along the so-called Balkan corridor, which takes them from Turkey, across Greece, Macedonia and Serbia to Hungary, the gateway to the European Union. (Valdrin Xhemaj/EPA)
A young Syrian migrant girl is held by her mother next to railroad tracks where migrants wait to cross into Macedonia Sept. 2, in Idomeni, Greece. The number of people leaving their homes in war torn countries such as Syria, marks the largest migration of people since World War II. (Win McNamee/Getty Images)
Migrants fall as they rush to cross into Macedonia after police allowed a small group of people to pass through a passageway, as they try to regulate the flow of migrants at the Macedonian-Greek border Sept. 2. Up to 3,000 migrants are expected to cross into Macedonia every day in the coming months, most of them refugees fleeing war, particularly from Syria, the United Nations said last week. (Ognen Teofilovski/Reuters)
A Turkish police officer carries a migrant child's dead body off the shores in Bodrum, southern Turkey, on Sept. 2 after a boat carrying refugees sank while reaching the Greek island of Kos. (AFP/Getty Images)
Abdullah Kurdi, father of three-year old Aylan Kurdi, cries as he leaves a morgue in Mugla, Turkey, Sept. 3. The family of Aylan, a Syrian toddler whose body washed up on a Turkish beach, had been trying to emigrate to Canada after fleeing the war-torn town of Kobani. His 5-year-old brother Galip and mother Rehan, 35, also died after their boat capsized while trying to reach the Greek island of Kos. His father, Abdullah, was found semi-conscious and taken to hospital near Bodrum. (Murad Sezer/Reuters)
Syrian and Afghan refugees shout slogans and hold placards during a protest rally to demand to travel to Germany on September 2, outside the Keleti (East) railway station in Budapest. Hungarian authorities face mounting anger from thousands of migrants who are unable to board trains to western European countries after the main Budapest station was closed. (Ferenc Isza/AFP/Getty Images)
Migrants cross the border between the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Greece, near the town of Gevgelija, Macedonia, Sept. 1. (Valdrin Xhema/EPA)
An African migrant rests after arriving on a fishing boat at Las Carpinteras beach in the Canary Island of Gran Canaria, Spain, Sept. 1. Around 60 people, including six women and a two-year-old child, were aboard the fishing boat, according to local authorities. (Borja Suarez /Reuters)
A mother and daughter clutch hands as they sleep on cots at a registration center for migrants at a facility of the German Federal Police (Bundespolizei) on Aug. 31 in Rosenheim, Germany. Up to 1,600 migrants are currently arriving in Bavaria in southern Germany a day and will seek asylum. (Sean Gallup/Getty Images)
Syrian refugees and migrants rest along a railway line as they try to cross from Serbia into Hungary near Horgos on Sept. 1. European Union leaders called for action to defend the "dignity" of migrants ahead of fresh emergency talks, as tensions flared on the bloc's eastern borders over the escalating crisis. (Aris Messinis/AFP/Getty Images)
Libyan Red Crescent workers carry the body of a drowned migrant who washed up along with several others in Zuwara, Libya on Aug. 30, after two smuggling boats sank off the coast of Libya. Search teams found more than ten bodies that had washed ashore - about 500 migrants were believed to be on board the two boats, according to rescue teams. (Mohamed Ben Khalifa/Associated Press)
Hungarian soldiers put up razor wire on top of a fence on the border with Serbia, in Asotthalom, Hungary, Aug. 31. Refugees surging through the Balkans now are racing against Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban's right-wing nationalist government, which has ordered army engineers to erect a 13-foot (4-meter) fence along the border. (Darko Bandic/Associated Press)
Syrian and Iraqi migrants sleep on railroad tracks waiting to be processed across the Macedonian border Sept. 2 in Idomeni, Greece. Since the beginning of 2015 the number of migrants using the so-called 'Balkans route' has exploded with migrants arriving in Greece from Turkey and then travelling on through Macedonia and Serbia before entering the EU via Hungary. (Win McNamee/Getty Images)
Syrian refugees and migrants sleep on the floor of a carriage as they travel on a train taking them from Macedonia to the Serbian border, on August 30. (Aris Messinis/AFP/Getty Images)
Two Syrian women embrace after arriving on Kos in an inflatable dinghy on August 30, in Kos, Greece. Migrants from many parts of the Middle East and African nations continue to flood into Europe before heading from Athens, north to the Macedonian border. (Dan Kitwood/Getty Images)
A man and his sons, migrants from Iran, wait for the train on their way to Vienna on August 31. Nickelsdorf is the first village in Austria on the way from Hungary. (Vladimir Simicek/AFP/Getty Images)
Migrants from Pakistan land on shore after completing a journey in a small dinghy crossing a three mile stretch of the Aegean Sea from Turkey August 31, in Kos, Greece. Migrants from many parts of the Middle East and African nations continue to flood into Europe before heading from Athens, north to the Macedonian border. (Dan Kitwood/Getty Images)
A migrant family gathers with a few hundred others in wait for a train to Germany at the Keleti train station in Budapest, Sept. 1. The station, which has emerged as ground zero in Europe’s spiraling migration crisis, temporarily shut down its services Tuesday under the strain of an influx of migrants trying to travel to Germany from Hungary. (Mauricio Lima/The New York Times)
Police load a group of Afghan migrants into a van after the migrants crossed from Austria into Germany and were walking along the A3 highway in the early hours on August 30, near Neuhaus am Inn, Germany. Police took them shortly after to a registration center for asylum seekers. (Sean Gallup/Getty Images)
Nabil Cinan, a migrant from Syria who broke his leg while crossing the Aegean Sea, rests inside the tent where he spends his days waiting for authorities to issue legal immigration papers Aug 29, in Kos, Greece. (Win McNamee/Getty Images)
A Swiss police officer accompanies migrants from Syria carrying their children, upon their arrival at the railway station in the north-eastern Swiss town of Buchs on Sept. 1. (Arnd Wiegmann/Reuters)
A baby is helped to board on the Norwegian Siem Pilot ship during a migrant search and rescue mission off the Libyan Coasts, Sept. 1. Four dead bodies and hundreds of migrants were transferred on the Norwegian Siem Pilot ship from an Italian Navy ship and a Doctors Without Borders vessels after being rescued in different operation in the Mediterranean sea. (Gregorio Borgia/Associated Press)
Migrants who arrived from Budapest walk on the platform at Vienna's Westbahnhof railway station on Aug. 31. After arriving at Vienna's Westbahnhof, many of the migrants then boarded a train to Salzburg, while others climbed on to another one headed for Munich. (Patrick Domingo/AFP/Getty Images)
Migrants wait to disembark from Italian Coast Guard ship Diciotti at the Messina harbor in Sicily, Italy, Aug. 29. (Carmelo Imbesi/Associated Press)
A migrant family runs after crossing a border line near the village of Roszke on the Hungarian-Serbian border on August 28, 2015. (Attila Kisbenede/AFP/Getty Images)
Hungarian policemen detain a Syrian migrant family after they entered Hungary at the border with Serbia, near Roszke, August 28. (Bernadett Szabo/Reuters)
A migrant boy looks through a window onboard a train for Serbia at the new transit center for migrants at the border line between Greece and Macedonia near the town of Gevgelija on Aug. 28. (ROBERT ATANASOVSKI/AFP/Getty Images)
An exhausted Syrian man is dragged out of the water after swimming the last 50 meters to shore as migrant families from Syria arrive in an inflatable dinghy on the beach at sunrise on the island of Kos after crossing a three mile stretch of the Aegean Sea from Turkey on Aug. 28 in Kos, Greece. (Dan Kitwood/Getty Images)
Asylum seekers wait outside a train station in Budapest, Hungary Aug. 27. Record numbers of migrants have arrived in recent days to the country, part of the visa-free Schengen travel zone, en route to Westen Europe. (Laszlo Balogh/Reuters)
Syrian migrants arrive on a ferry carrying about 2,500 migrants from the Greek islands to the main port of Piraeus on Aug. 26, in Athens, Greece. (Milos Bicanski/Getty Images)
A young migrant's hair becomes stuck while crawling under a barbed fence with her family at the Hungarian-Serbian border near Roszke, on Aug. 27. (Attila Kisbenedek/AFP/Getty Images)
Syrian migrants travel on a bus after arriving on a ferry carrying about 2,500 migrants from the Greek islands to the main port of Piraeus on Aug. 26, in Athens, Greece. (Milos Bicanski/Getty Images)
A distraught migrant child seen through razor wire fencing waiting to cross the border, between the Macedonia and Greece, near the town of Gevgelija, Aug. 28. (Vassil Donev/EPA)
Migrants wait on the dock after disembarking from a Medecins Sans Frontieres ship carrying 320 migrants in the Sicilian harbour of Augusta, Italy, Aug. 25. (Antonio Parrinello/Reuters)
A migrant looks at his mobile phone as he waits with other migrants to board the passenger ship "Eleftherios Venizelos" heading to the port of Piraeus, at the port on the island of Lesbos, Greece Aug. 23. Greece, mired in its worst economic crisis in generations, has been found largely unprepared for a mass influx of refugees, mainly Syrians. (Alkis Konstantinidis/Reuters)
A little girl from Syria looks out of a bus as the ferry she arrived in is reflected in the bus window at the port of Piraeus, Greece, Aug. 25. About 2,400 Syrian refugees stranded on Lesbos, which they reached in small boats from nearby Turkey, due to a dearth of ferry tickets in the high holiday season, were on the ferry. (Petros Giannakouris/Associated Press)
An Afghan mother comforts her crying child moments after a dinghy carrying Afghan migrants arrived on the island of Lesbos, Greece August 23. (Alkis Konstantinidis/Reuters)
Migrant men help a fellow migrant man holding a boy as they are stuck between Macedonian riot police officers and migrants during a clash near the border train station of Idomeni, northern Greece, as they wait to be allowed by the Macedonian police to cross the border from Greece to Macedonia, Friday, Aug. 21, 2015. Macedonian special police forces have fired stun grenades to disperse thousands of migrants stuck on a no-man's land with Greece, a day after Macedonia declared a state of emergency on its borders to deal with a massive influx of migrants heading north to Europe. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic) (Darko Vojinovic)
A group of immigrants who have made through police blockades rest at the Gevgelija railway station Aug. 21. Macedonian police drove back crowds of migrants and refugees trying to enter from Greece after a night spent stranded in no-man's land by an emergency decree effectively sealing the Macedonian frontier. (Ognen Teofilovski/Reuters)
A Syrian migrant girl from the town of Raqqa tows her brother making their way on foot from Sikaminea on the southeastern Greek island of Lesbos, Greece, Aug. 21. (Visar Kryeziu/Associated Press)
A Syrian refugee from Deir Ezzor, holding his son and daughter, breaks out in tears of joy after arriving via a flimsy inflatable boat crammed with about 15 men, women and children on the shore of the island of Kos in Greece, Aug. 15. (Daniel Etter/The New York Times)
Migrants pass through the border from Greece into Macedonia near the town of Idomeni, Northern Greece, on Aug. 22. (Sakis Mitroldis/AFP/Getty Images)
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