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    Newton voters reject ballot questions that would have limited marijuana shops

    (FILES) In this file photo taken on April 19, 2017, a marijuana plant is seen at a greenhouse in Mendocino County, California. - Cannabis stocks have reached new peaks on Wall Street amid expectations more areas will legalize its use, but some market watchers suspect the high could soon wear off. Shares of Canada-based cannabis stocks leaped Wednesday spurred for a second day by Tuesday's announcement that Tilray won approval from the US Drug Enforcement Administration for a medical cannabis study in California. Shares of Tilray, which went public in mid-July at $17 a share, rocketed 47.1 percent higher Wednesday morning to $228, lifting its market capitalization to nearly $22 billion. That lit a fire under two other cannabis companies, Cronos and Canopy Growth, which gained 23.1 percent and 5.7 percent, respectively. (Photo by Josh Edelson / AFP)JOSH EDELSON/AFP/Getty Images
    JOSH EDELSON/AFP/Getty Images
    A marijuana plant is seen at a greenhouse in Mendocino County, California, in April 2017.

    Pro-marijuana campaigners in Newton declared victory late Tuesday night after a modest majority of voters in the city appeared to reject a pair of measures that would have banned or tightly limited the number of marijuana retail shops.

    “We’re incredibly happy and thankful to the voters of Newton,” said Tom Ahern, a campaign strategist for a dispensary-funded group that opposed the initiatives. “They’re paving the way for a new industry and new opportunities for the city, including $2 million in new tax revenue. It’s a great day.”

    Supporters of the ban did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

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    Two nonbinding marijuana-related questions appeared on the local ballot Tuesday. One asked voters to support a ban on any pot retailers from opening in the city, while the other sought their approval to cap the number of cannabis shops. Neither would have taken effect unless the Newton City Council affirmed the measures by passing an ordinance.

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    However, both appear to have been defeated. Late Tuesday, with all but two of the city’s 32 precincts having reported unofficial results, around 55 percent of voters indicated they opposed the proposed ban on pot shops and 53 percent rejected a proposal to cap the number of shops at between two and four.

    Now, under state law, Newton will be required to welcome at least eight retail marijuana stores before local officials can summarily reject new operators.

    In 2016, about 54 percent of voters in Newton supported Question 4, the statewide ballot measure that legalized marijuana. But many Massachusetts communities that supported the 2016 measure have since banned recreational marijuana firms within their borders, often in low-turnout special elections not held in November. Overall, more than 200 of the 351 municipalities in the state have imposed bans or temporary moratoriums on recreational pot operators.

    Ahern’s group, Respect the Vote Newton, is backed by local medical dispensary Garden Remedies and Cypress Tree Management, which is planning to open another medical dispensary. Both eventually hope to offer recreational sales, too.

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    The pro-dispensary group argued that such businesses are tightly regulated and secure facilities that would bring substantial sums of tax revenue to the city and keep the drug away from youths. The group has also pointed to a proposed city zoning scheme that would significantly curtail the neighborhoods where marijuana stores are allowed to open.

    Ahern said Respect the Vote Newton has sent out mailers and knocked on thousands of doors.

    “Even in today’s age when we have online ads and digital advocacy, both of which help increase awareness, nothing beats knocking on someone’s door and asking if they have five minutes to talk about an issue,” he explained.

    Lisa Gordon said her pro-ban group largely conducted a grassroots campaign without the benefit of large donors, yet still managed to collect the 9,000-plus signatures needed to put a ban on the ballot.

    She explained that Opt Out Newton wasn’t necessarily anti-marijuana, but believed promises of a tax windfall are overblown and that the city should take a wait-and-see approach to supporting the commercialization of the drug. Gordon especially fears the marijuana industry will follow the tobacco and alcohol industry in marketing its products to youths, despite state rules meant to prohibit such practices.

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    “The promises for the revenue have been a lot larger than what is realistically going to happen,” she argued. “You can always vote to ban and see how things go in other communities before you open it up. We just really don’t know the negative ramifications right now.”

    Dan Adams can be reached at daniel.adams@globe.com. Follow him on Twitter @Dan_Adams86.