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WASHINGTON - For all the criticism and new legal bans, texting by drivers just keeps increasing, especially among younger motorists.

About half of American drivers between 21 and 24 say they have texted or e-mailed while driving. And what’s more, many drivers do not think it is dangerous when they do it - only when others do.

A national survey, the first government study of its kind on distracted driving, and other data released yesterday by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration underscore the difficulty authorities face in discouraging cellphone use while driving.

At any given moment last year on America’s streets and highways, nearly one in every 100 car drivers was texting, e-mailing, surfing the Web, or otherwise using a hand-held electronic device, the safety administration said. And those activities rose 50 percent over the previous year, even as 35 states now ban the practices.


In 2010 there were an estimated 3,092 deaths in crashes affected by a wide range of driver distractions, from eating meals to checking e-mail, the safety administration said. That number was derived using a new methodology aimed at getting a more precise picture of distracted driving deaths and cannot be compared to previous years, officials said.

The agency takes an annual snapshot of drivers’ behavior behind the wheel by staking out intersections to count people using devices, as well as other distracting behavior.

While electronic gadgets are in ever-greater use by drivers, motorists are deeply conflicted about it, a NHTSA survey of more than 6,000 drivers found.

Most said they would answer a cellphone call while driving and continue to drive after answering. And nearly two of 10 acknowledged sending texts or e-mails. That rose up to half of drivers 21 to 24 years old.

More than half of drivers said making a cellphone call made no difference to their driving performance, and a quarter said texting or e-mailing made no difference. But 90 percent said that when they are passengers they feel very unsafe if the driver is texting or e-mailing.


Indeed, big majorities of drivers surveyed support bans on hand-held cellphone use (71 percent) and texting (94 percent) while driving. And most said they want people who violate the bans to be punished with fines of $100 or more. Almost a quarter supported fines in the $200 to $499 range.