IN THE FLORIDA EVERGLADES — The man known as ‘‘Alligator Ron’’ has a lifetime of experience in the Florida Everglades, a fleet of airboats at his disposal, and knows the habitats of furry prey for large reptiles. He still couldn’t lead a pack of hunters to a single Burmese python.
That’s the catch in Florida’s Python Challenge: Even experienced hunters with special permits to regularly stalk the exotic snake through Florida’s swamp lands are having trouble finding them for a state-sponsored competition.
They can hardly be seen in the water or on land because they blend in so well with their terrain, said state wildlife commissioner Ron Bergeron, whose nickname is emblazoned on the rudder of his black airboat, over the image of him riding an alligator.
The vast majority of roughly 1,000 people who signed up to hunt Burmese pythons on public lands from Jan. 12 through Feb. 10 are amateurs when it comes to pythons. Only about 30 hold permits for harvesting pythons throughout the year.
The permit holders might have a slight edge when it comes to handling snakes, but the tan, splotchy pythons have natural camouflage that gives them an important advantage in the ecosystem they have invaded. As of Thursday, 21 pythons had been killed for the contest, according to the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.
It’s hard to pin down exactly how many Burmese pythons slither through Florida’s Everglades, but officials say their effect is glaringly obvious. According to a study released last year, sightings of raccoons, opossums, bobcats, rabbits, and other mammals in the Everglades are down as much as 99 percent in areas where pythons are known to live.
It is believed that the pythons are devouring the native wildlife and officials worry the snakes’ voracious appetite will undermine the ongoing, multimillion-dollar effort to restore natural water flow through the Everglades.
The pythons have camouflage that gives them an advantage.
Bergeron led US Senator Bill Nelson, Democrat of Florida, into the Everglades to hunt pythons Thursday afternoon. They splashed from their airboat through knee-deep water into several islands that rise in small bumps above the sawgrass, but they always emerged empty-handed.
They didn’t flush out any of the mammals Bergeron thought he would see, either. The only thing they found: signs of feral hogs, another problematic invasive species.
‘‘Rabbits were like rats. Growing up, you saw them everywhere,’’ said Jim Howard, a Miami native and a python permit holder participating in the contest. ‘‘I haven’t seen a rabbit in 20 years. I don’t see foxes. I hardly see anything.’’
He has caught a python in the Everglades in each of the last two years, though. Each was more than 12 feet long and contained more than 50 eggs.
He returned to those locations Wednesday, poking under ferns and discarded wooden boards with a hook at the end of a 3-foot-long stick. All he found were the sheddings of some large snake — each transparent scale was the size of a fingertip.
After spending hours steering his boat along 14 miles of canals to levees and embankments where pythons might lurk, Howard extended the hook toward the dense, impenetrable grass that stretched all the way to the horizon, with no landmarks or vantage points.