Automatic spending cuts that took effect Friday are expected to touch a vast range of government services. Some examples:
■ Defense: The Navy aircraft carrier USS Harry S. Truman, sits pier-side in Norfolk, Va. Its deployment to the Persian Gulf has been delayed, along with that of the guided-missile cruiser USS Gettysburg. The Navy also began plans to gradually shut down four air wings and delay and cancel the deployments of several other ships.
Furlough notices will go out to Defense Department civilians, who will lose a day’s pay each week for more than five months. The Army will let go more than 3,000 temporary and contract employees and it will cancel maintenance at depots which will force 5,000 more layoffs.
Veterans’ funerals at Arlington National Cemetery could be cut to 24 a day from 31, meaning delays in burials. Coast Guard rescue aircraft will fly fewer hours and cutters will patrol the seas for fewer hours.
■ Food safety: There could be an estimated 2,100 fewer food safety inspections .
■ Health care: Hospitals, doctors, and other Medicare providers will see a 2 percent cut in federal reimbursements.
President Obama’s health overhaul law is expected to roll out on time and largely unscathed by the cuts. Part of the reason is that the law’s major subsidies to help uninsured people buy private health coverage are structured as tax credits. So is the Affordable Care Act’s assistance for small businesses.
■ Transportation: The busiest US airports could be forced to close some of their runways, causing widespread flight delays and cancellations. Flights to cities like New York, Chicago, and San Francisco could have delays of up to 90 minutes during peak hours because fewer controllers will be on duty.
Furloughs of controllers won’t kick in until April.
■ National parks: Visiting hours at all 398 national parks are likely to be cut and sensitive areas would be blocked off to the public.
■ Education: Some 70,000 students enrolled in prekindergarten Head Start would be cut from the program and 14,000 teachers would lose their jobs. For students with special needs, the cuts would eliminate some 7,200 teachers and aides. The Education Department is also warning that the cuts will impact up to 29 million student loan borrowers and that some lenders may have to lay off staff or even close.
■ Labor: More than 3.8 million people jobless for six months or longer could see unemployment benefits reduced by as much as 9.4 percent. Thousands of veterans would not receive job counseling. Fewer Occupational Safety and Health Administration inspectors could mean fewer inspections of dangerous work sites.
■ Congress: Congressional trips overseas will probably take a hit.
■ Nuclear security: Cleanup of radioactive waste at nuclear sites across the country would be delayed.
■ Tax collection: Any furloughs at the Internal Revenue Service will be delayed until summer, so it shouldn’t delay tax refunds. But other IRS services will be affected.