NEW YORK — The fearsome bite of a hungry Tyrannosaurus rex left behind new evidence that the famous beast hunted for food and wasn’t just a scavenger.
Researchers found a part of a T. rex tooth wedged between two tailbones of a duckbill dinosaur unearthed in northwestern South Dakota. The tooth was partially enclosed by regrown bone, indicating the smaller duckbill had escaped from the T. rex and lived for months or years afterward.
Since the duckbill was not a carcass when it met the T. rex, the fossil provides definitive evidence that T. rex hunted live animals, researchers say in Monday’s issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
The fossil, from around 67 million years ago, indicates the T. rex bit the duckbill from behind and ‘‘intended to take it for a meal,’’ said David Burnham of the University of Kansas, an author of the report.
Experts who did not participate in the study said there was already ample evidence that T. rex hunted live animals as well as scavenged carcasses.
The new fossil is the first to include a T. rex tooth embedded in the bones of its prey, giving ‘‘extremely strong physical evidence that the attacker was a tyrannosaur,’’ said Thomas Holtz Jr. of the University of Maryland.
‘‘It’s one other bit of evidence [for hunting] fully consistent with the other data already established from lots and lots of lines of evidence,’’ Holtz said.