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Libyan pleads not guilty to terrorism charges

NEW YORK — A Libyan charged in the deadly 1998 Al Qaeda bombings of US embassies in Africa pleaded not guilty Tuesday to terrorism charges in a brief proceeding that followed a familiar script in a courthouse that has hosted numerous terrorism cases in the past two decades.

A frail looking Abu Anas al-Libi entered the plea in a heavily guarded federal courtroom in Manhattan 10 days after he was captured during an Oct. 5 military raid in Libya. The 49-year-old Libi was interrogated aboard a US Navy warship for a week before being brought to New York on Saturday.

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Libi kept his hands folded on his lap as the judge read the charges. His court-appointed federal defender, David Patton, entered the plea on his behalf.

Libi was handcuffed and led out of court after the judge ordered him detained as a flight risk. Assistant US Attorney Nicholas Lewin had requested detention, calling Libi a ‘‘clear danger.’’

Early in the proceeding, Judge Lewis A. Kaplan asked the defendant how he wanted to be addressed in court. Libi, who spoke in Arabic and listened to the proceeding with help from a translator, said he preferred to be known as Nazih Abdul-Hamed al-Ruqai.

There was no reference in court to Libi’s longstanding health issues, except for a request that the judge sign a medical order, which Kaplan said he had already done. Libi had signed an affidavit to say he could not afford to hire a lawyer.

Libi is charged in a Manhattan indictment in bombings that killed 224 people, including a dozen Americans. Known as one of Al Qaeda’s early computer experts, he is accused of helping plan and conduct surveillance for the bombings of US embassies in Nairobi, Kenya, and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Libi is believed to have used an early-generation Apple computer to assemble surveillance photographs in Kenya.

Computer expert

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Libi’s family and former associates have denied he was ever a member of Al Qaeda and said he has lived an ordinary life since coming home in 2011.

‘‘The presumption of innocence is not a small technicality here,’’ Patton said in an e-mail sent after the hearing. ‘‘In a 150-page indictment, Mr. al-Ruqai is mentioned in a mere three paragraphs relating to conduct in 1993 and 1994 and nothing since. The allegation is that he met with Al Qaeda a members about a possible bombing of the American embassy in Nairobi, Kenya, that ended up taking place five years later in 1998. There is no allegation that he had any connection to Al Qaeda after 1994, and he is eager to move forward with the legal process in this case.’’

Libi has been on the FBI’s most wanted terrorists list since it was introduced shortly after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks. A reward of $5 million was offered for his capture.

He is the sixth man to appear in a Manhattan court to face charges in the embassy bombing attacks. The other five are serving life sentences.

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