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College costs up, but at a slower pace

WASHINGTON — There’s some good news on college tuition. Yes, the cost has gone up — but not as much as in the past.

For in-state students at a four-year public college or university, published tuition and fees increased this year on average $247 to $8,893. That’s a 2.9 percent increase, the smallest one-year increase in more than 30 years, the College Board said Wednesday in its annual report on college prices.

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Out-of-state prices and the costs to attend public two-year colleges and private institutions rose, but they also avoided big increases, said Sandy Baum, co-author of the report. These more moderate increases could lessen concern that an annual rapid growth in tuition prices is the new normal.

‘‘It does seem that the spiral is moderating. Not turning around, not ending, but moderating,’’ Baum said.

The average published cost for tuition and fees at a private college for the 2013-14 academic year was $30,094 — up $1,105. An out-of-state student at a public college or university faced an annual average price tag of $22,203, which is up $670. The average price tag for an in-state student to attend a two-year institution was much less at $3,264 — up $110.

Most students do not actually pay that, though. There are grants, tax credits, and deductions that help ease the cost of going to college. About two-thirds of full-time students get grants, most from the federal government.

But in the two years leading up to the 2012-2013 school year, the federal aid per full-time equivalent undergraduate student declined 9 percent, or about $325.

That means students have to foot more of the bill themselves.

‘‘The rapid increases in college prices have slowed; however, student and families are paying more because grant aid is not keeping up,’’ said David Coleman, president of the College Board.

While the average published price for tuition and fees for a private college is $30,094, the net price is $12,460 — up $530 from last year. The net price is what students actually pay after grants.

The average published in-state price for tuition and fees at a public four-year school is $8,893, but the average net price is about $3,120.

Molly Corbett Broad, president of the American Council on Education, called it troubling that overall grant aid is not keeping up with prices.

‘‘Institutions are committed to holding down costs, but it is equally important for state and federal governments to play their part to make college affordable,’’ she said.

The report spells out the large declines in state appropriations given to public institutions in recent years. These cuts have been blamed for rises in college costs. Other causes often cited range from the high cost of health care for employees to the demand by students for flashier campus amenities.

Among the other findings in the report:

 Adding in costs for room and board to live on campus, average annual published costs: At public, four-year universities, $18,391 for in-state students and $31,701 for out-of-state students; $40,917 for private colleges and universities; $10,730 for in-state students at public two year schools.

 The average published tuition and fees at for-profit institutions increased by $70 to $15,130.

  New Hampshire and Vermont had the highest in-state tuition and fees at both four-year and two-year institutions. Wyoming and Alaska had the lowest published in-state tuition and fees at a four-year institution, while California and New Mexico had the lowest in-state among two-year schools.

 In 2012-2013, $238.5 billion in financial aid was issued to undergraduate and graduate students in the forms of grants from all sources, Federal Work-Study, federal loans, and federal tax credits and deductions. Also, students borrowed about $8.8 billion from private, state, and institutional sources.

 About 60 percent of students who earned bachelor’s degrees in 2011-2012 graduated with debt, borrowing a total of $26,500 on average.

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