WASHINGTON — Kathleen Sebelius, the health and human services secretary, is resigning, ending a stormy five-year tenure marred by the disastrous rollout of President Obama’s signature legislative achievement, the Affordable Care Act.
Obama accepted Sebelius’ resignation this week, and Friday morning he will nominate Sylvia Mathews Burwell, the director of the Office of Management and Budget, to replace her, officials said.
The departure comes as the Obama administration tries to move beyond its early stumbles in carrying out the law, convince a still-skeptical public of its lasting benefits, and help Democratic incumbents, who face blistering attack ads after supporting the legislation, survive the midterm elections this fall.
Officials said Sebelius, 65, made the decision to resign and was not forced out. But the frustration at the White House over her performance had become increasingly clear, as administration aides worried that the crippling problems at HealthCare.gov, the website set up to enroll Americans in insurance exchanges, would result in lasting damage to the president’s legacy.
Even last week, as Obama triumphantly announced that enrollments in the exchanges had exceeded 7 million, she did not appear next to him for the news conference in the Rose Garden.
The president is hoping that Burwell, 48, a Harvard- and Oxford-educated West Virginia native with a background in economic policy, will bring an intense focus and management acumen to the department. The budget office, which she has overseen since April of last year, is deeply involved in developing and carrying out health care policy.
“The president wants to make sure we have a proven manager and relentless implementer in the job over there, which is why he is going to nominate Sylvia,” said Denis R. McDonough, the White House chief of staff.
Last month, Sebelius approached Obama and began a series of conversations about her future, McDonough said. The secretary told the president that the March 31 deadline for sign-ups under the health care law — and the rising enrollment numbers — provided an opportunity for change and that he would be best served by someone who was not the target of so much political ire, McDonough said.
“What was clear is that she thought that it was time to transition the leadership to somebody else,” he said. “She’s made clear in other comments publicly that she recognizes that she takes a lot of the incoming. She does hope — all of us hope — that we can get beyond the partisan sniping.”
The resignation is a low point in what has been a remarkable career for Sebelius, who as governor of Kansas was named by Time magazine as one of the five best governors in the country and was even mentioned as a possible Obama running mate in 2008. The two had bonded when Sebelius endorsed his presidential bid early in 2008, becoming one of the highest-profile Democratic women to back him over Hillary Rodham Clinton and helping him deliver a win in the Kansas caucus.
White House officials were quick to point out the many successes during Sebelius’ tenure: the end to preexisting conditions as a bar to insurance, the ability for young people to stay on their parents’ insurance, and the reduction in the growth of health care costs. Also, Sebelius helped push through mental health parity in insurance plans and worked to promote early childhood education.
The president had been under pressure for months to fire Sebelius. But he had resisted, in part because he did not want the Department of Health and Human Services to undergo more upheaval amid all the problems plaguing HealthCare.gov and in part because of his general reluctance to publicly rebuke top officials.
In November, Obama defended the secretary, saying in an interview with NBC News that she “doesn’t write code; yeah, she wasn’t our IT person.”
McDonough praised Sebelius as “a fierce advocate” and said she had been “tenacious in her belief” in the president’s health care law.