WASHINGTON — It was Day One for the traditional courtesy calls to senators, but there’s not much about Merrick Garland’s Supreme Court nomination that has adhered to tradition — or courtesy.
A day after his selection set the battle lines in a major fight over the court, President Obama’s choice to replace the late Justice Antonin Scalia met only with Democratic leaders on Thursday — steering clear of the Republican leader who has vowed the Senate will ignore the nomination and wait for the next president to fill the seat.
For Senate majority leader Mitch McConnell, the Capitol visit was a stunt ‘‘orchestrated’’ by the White House, his spokesman said. But for Democrats, it was just the opening salvo in a public campaign to make Garland the best-known victim of Republican obstruction and a household name in every election battleground state.
Garland met separately with Vermont Senator Patrick Leahy, the top Democrat on the Senate Judiciary Committee, and Senate minority leader Harry Reid of Nevada. After the meeting with Leahy, the mild-mannered jurist faced a throng of reporters and clicking cameras, but said nothing.
Said Leahy: ‘‘I talked to him about where the hurdles are, and I talked to him about what I thought would happen if we actually follow the oath that we’ve all taken to uphold the Constitution.’’
Reid also said he braced the judge for the bombardment ahead.
‘‘I just told him to be himself,’’ Reid said. ‘‘I think he’s willing to take whatever they can throw at him.’’
More than a dozen Senate Democrats stood in front of the Supreme Court, using the telegenic backdrop to underscore their calls for Republicans to give Garland a hearing. Democrats cited polling showing public support for Senate consideration of the nomination, and eagerly linked the court fight to Donald Trump — the volatile front-runner for the GOP nomination and a source of embarrassment for the Republican establishment.
‘‘If Republicans stand in the way and refuse to do their job, it will only be because they want Donald Trump to pick the next nominee,’’ said Senator Chuck Schumer, a New York Democrat.
The success of the Democrats’ plans hinge in part on rallying their grass roots to the cause — a task complicated by Obama’s nomination of a moderate with little public record on many issues valued by the more liberal wing of the party.
In an interview with NPR, the president said he found the Republicans’ argument that the electorate should weigh in ‘‘puzzling.’’
‘‘Well, in fact the American people did decide — back in 2012 when they elected me president of the United States with sufficient electoral votes,’’ Obama said.
Liberal and labor groups planned events next week, when the Senate is out of session and senators are back home, pressuring Republicans on their home turf. The events include teachers holding rallies in Cleveland, Cincinnati, and Lima, Ohio, aimed at Senator Rob Portman; union members mobilizing in Pittsburgh and Philadelphia and targeting Senator Patrick Toomey; and activists attending town hall and other Iowa reelection events staged by Judiciary Committee chairman Chuck Grassley.
Republicans prepared their defense.
One Nation — run by Steven Law, a former McConnell chief of staff and the head the GOP-aligned American Crossroads super PAC — was beginning 10 days of television advertising on Friday in Des Moines, aimed at supporting Grassley, a key opponent of confirming an Obama nominee.
The ad says an Obama appointment could ‘‘radically transform’’ laws governing land ownership, gun rights, and religious freedom, and says, ‘‘Tell Senator Grassley, keep fighting for the right of Iowans to decide the Supreme Court’s future.’’
The conservative Judicial Crisis Network said it will begin a two-week, $2 million TV ad campaign on Monday supporting GOP senators in Iowa, New Hampshire, and Ohio and pressuring Democrats from Colorado, North Dakota, and West Virginia.
Also, groups including the Tea Party Patriots and the anti-abortion Susan B. Anthony List were planning to send members to town hall meetings in states like Iowa and New Hampshire to show their backing for blocking consideration of Garland, and were organizing phone calls to lawmakers’ offices to register support.
Still, Republicans were mindful of the risks of closing their doors to this nominee, while past Supreme Court candidates had paid visits shortly after their nomination with little controversy.
McConnell tried to preempt the spectacle by talking with Garland by phone Wednesday. He wished him well, his office said. Grassley, who also talked to Garland, agreed to meet with him — just not immediately.
A growing group of senators took that approach, including Ron Johnson of Wisconsin and Jeff Flake of Arizona. ‘‘I meet with anybody, and that would include him,’’ Flake said.