WASHINGTON — Republican plans to quickly confirm Donald Trump’s Cabinet nominees were upended Tuesday amid Democratic pressure to slow down the schedule as a federal ethics watchdog reviewing the backgrounds of nominees warned it could take months to probe some of the wealthier picks.
Hearings began Tuesday with consideration of Senator Jeff Sessions, Republican of Alabama, to serve as attorney general and retired Marine general James Kelly to serve as homeland security secretary. But the schedule for a packed day of proceedings on Wednesday was revised late Monday, when the Senate’s health and education panel postponed a hearing on Betsy DeVos, Trump’s pick for education secretary, until next week. It also announced that a scheduled hearing next week with Andrew Puzder, Trump’s choice for labor secretary, might not happen until February, due to scheduling conflicts.
The Senate Intelligence Committee also postponed until Thursday a hearing on Representative Mike Pompeo, Republican of Kansa, as CIA director. The panel had scheduled Pompeo for Wednesday.
That means that a once-jammed calendar of hearings on Wednesday will feature just three: day two for Sessions; a Foreign Relations Committee hearing with Rex Tillerson, Trump’s choice for secretary of state; and a Commerce Committee hearing with Elaine L. Chao, the nominee for transportation secretary.
There are no indications that any of Trump’s Cabinet choices are at risk of being rejected by the Senate — a rare occurrence — and Republican leaders continue to insist that all of Trump’s choices will be confirmed. But the calendar changes followed days of Republican assurances that hearings would commence quickly and simultaneously.
‘‘We are in process of having all the hearings as rapidly as we can,’’ majority leader Mitch McConnell, Republican of Kentucky, said Tuesday. ‘‘It is still my hope that regardless of the hearing schedule, some of which has been moved slightly, we will be in position to confirm a significant number of the president’s nominees on day one.’’
McConnell said he especially hoped to have most if not all of Trump’s national security team in place on the first day of his presidency.
Senator John Thune, Republican of South Dakota, the chamber’s third-ranking Republican, explained the decision to delay some hearings ‘‘is really more trying to accommodate the volume that we’re having this week as well as the need to get additional paperwork in. I expect that another week is about as much as you can expect this to be delayed.’’
Senator Bob Corker, Republican of Tennessee, who will lead Tillerson’s hearing on Wednesday as chairman of the foreign relations panel, said he understood some of the Democrats’ concerns.
‘‘On one hand, you don’t want the other side of the aisle to set your schedule; on the other hand, you want to be flexible and to try to accommodate,’’ he said, noting that he scheduled the Tillerson hearing weeks ago, in cooperation with Democrats.
Minority Leader Charles E. Schumer, a New York Democrat, had been pressuring McConnell to reconsider the packed schedule, never suggesting that Trump’s choices will be defeated — merely that Democrats deserve more time to carefully review them.
On Tuesday, Schumer called McConnell’s plans to delay the hearings ‘‘a very good first step.’’
‘‘This proposed Cabinet is unlike any other in terms of its wealth, corporate connections and hard right ideological views, and the American people deserve nothing less than open and deliberate hearings going forward,’’ Schumer said in a statement. ‘‘Democrats will do everything we can to make sure that happens.’’
Schumer’s arguments for delay were buoyed last weekend by Walter M. Shaub Jr., director of the Office of Government Ethics, who complained to senators that his agency was struggling to review the extensive backgrounds of so many wealthy Trump nominees who had never been subjected to public scrutiny.
As of Monday, OGE had released reports for five top picks subject to hearings this week: Chao, Pompeo, Sessions, Tillerson, and defense nominee James Mattis, whose confirmation hearing is scheduled for Thursday. But the agency had not posted reports for the four others: DeVos, Kelly, commerce nominee Wilbur Ross, and Ben Carson, tapped to lead the Department of Housing and Urban Development.
Full vetting of a presidential nominee’s financial holdings can take ‘‘weeks,’’ or even ‘‘sometimes months’’ in the case of extremely wealthy individuals, Shaub explained in a letter to Senator Patty Murray, Democrat of Washington, released on Tuesday.
Shaub said the length of a review varies, depending on the nominee’s responsiveness to questions, the complexity and extent of his or her financial holdings, and the time it takes the nominee to consider and agree to steps that OGE identifies as necessary to resolve conflicts.
‘‘It usually takes even the most responsive nominees time to gather the information they are required to produce, particularly if they are wealthy,’’ Shaub wrote to Murray. ‘‘Some nominees also find it difficult to untangle their complex financial investments and employment arrangements quickly, especially if they wish to do so without incurring otherwise avoidable financial losses.’’
As part of Schumer’s pressure campaign, he trolled McConnell on social media — posting a doctored version of a 2009 letter McConnell sent to then-Majority Leader Harry M. Reid, Democrat of Nevada, complaining about a rushed schedule of confirmation hearings for President Obama’s nominees. In the letter, sent after the first batch of Obama’s picks had been confirmed, McConnell asked Reid to ensure that future hearings would not be held until after ethics and criminal background checks were completed and reviewed by senators.
Schumer opted to make the same argument to McConnell, so he changed ‘‘Dear Harry’’ to ‘‘Dear Mitch,’’ changed the date on the letter and sent it back to the Republican leader on Monday afternoon.
DeVos’s hearing, originally scheduled for Wednesday morning, has been rescheduled for Jan. 17 at 5 p.m.
Democrats had loud objections to OGE’s delays with DeVos’s ethics review. But a joint Republican-Democratic statement from the committee announcing the schedule change said only that they moved the date ‘‘at the request of the Senate leadership to accommodate the Senate schedule.’’