WASHINGTON—- President Trump’s decision to announce expanded US military operations in Afghanistan but disclose few details is set to spark fresh congressional debate about the future of America’s longest war and whether it’s time for lawmakers to approve a new use of force law.
Senior Republicans voiced support for Trump’s decision to endorse a Pentagon plan to boost troop levels and said it will be reviewed during public congressional hearings when lawmakers reconvene next month. But Democrats and some Republicans blasted Trump for not disclosing more information and said they will redouble attempts to pass the first use-of-force resolution since the 2001 act that authorized military action against terrorist groups in the wake of the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks.
‘‘The majority of us weren’t in Congress in 2001,’’ said Senator Tim Kaine, a Virginia Democrat who is a member of the Foreign Relations Committee and is leading a bipartisan push to approve a new Authorized Use of Military Force. ‘‘I hope the Senate will stop dodging its responsibility and finally pass an updated AUMF.’’
Senator Rand Paul, a Kentucky Republican who is a longtime critic of expanded military operations, said it’s ‘‘a terrible idea to send any more troops’’ into Afghanistan. The senator and 2016 presidential candidate is pushing a plan to repeal the 2001 use-of-force agreement and a 2002 resolution that allowed military operations in Iraq as part of this year’s must-pass defense policy bill.
Trump’s decision to adopt a conditions-based approach to the war without a specific timetable angered Democrats, who suggested that the new plan could leave US troops in Afghanistan indefinitely.
‘‘He is declaring an open-ended commitment of American lives with no accountability to the American people,’’ said House minority leader Nancy Pelosi, Democrat of California.
Although Trump did not specify in his prime-time speech how many more troops will be sent to Afghanistan, congressional officials said that senior administration officials told them on Monday that it will be about 4,000 more than the 8,500 US service members in the region.
But Senator Jack Reed of Rhode Island, the top Democrat on the Armed Services Committee, said Trump’s speech ‘‘was short on the details our troops and the American people deserve.’’ Senator Kirsten Gillibrand, Democrat of New York, a vocal Trump critic, said the president was ‘‘lacking in details, lacking in substance, and lacking in a vision of what success in Afghanistan looks like.’’ Senator Tammy Duckworth, Democrat of Illinois, who flew Army helicopter missions during the Iraq War, said the presidential address ‘‘was filled with bluster but devoid of details and raises far more questions than it answered.’’
And Senator Christopher Murphy, a Democrat from Connecticut, tweeted: ‘‘The only new strategy announced tonight was that strategy will no longer be announced.’’
As a presidential candidate, Trump called it ‘‘counterproductive’’ for the United States to announce troop withdrawal dates. Moving forward, ‘‘we will not talk about numbers of troops or our plans for further military activities,’’ Trump said Monday night. ‘‘Conditions on the ground, not arbitrary timetables, will guide our strategy from now on. America’s enemies must never know our plans, or believe they can wait us out. I will not say when we are going to attack, but attack we will.’’
House Speaker Paul Ryan, Republican of Wisconsin, credited Trump for embracing a new ‘‘doctrine’’ of ‘‘principled realism,’’ telling CNN in a nationally televised town hall event that former president Barack Obama committed a ‘‘strategic mistake’’ by setting a timetable for troop withdrawals.
‘‘We shouldn’t telegraph our timetable when we’re leaving so that we can actually make it conditions-based, which is what is the purpose of being there. The purpose of being there is to make sure that we don’t have another 9/11, that the Taliban doesn’t give Al Qaeda safe haven to plan and get money and come and have a terrorist attack against us,’’ Ryan said.
Senate Armed Services Committee chairman John McCain, Republican of Arizona, said that Trump’s new war plan will face congressional scrutiny when lawmakers return to Washington next month and that ‘‘this strategy is long overdue.’’ But McCain added that Trump ‘‘is now moving us well beyond the prior administration’s failed strategy of merely postponing defeat.’’
Senate Foreign Relations Committee chairman Bob Corker, Republican of Tennessee, defended Trump’s new conditions-based approach, saying it ‘‘should lead to better diplomatic outcomes, and ensures engagement with regional partners, especially Pakistan and India, giving us a better opportunity for success.’’
House Armed Services Committee chairman Mac Thornberry, Republican of Texas, said Trump’s new plan is a ‘‘reasonable way ahead that begins with being honest about the requirements needed to win, and the challenges in the region.’’ He called on Congress to ‘‘provide timely and adequate funding for this vital mission.’’
But how and when lawmakers will debate the new Afghanistan strategy and how to pay for it is still not known.
In July, the House passed a $790 billion spending bill Thursday that would increase military funding, but it has virtually no chance of becoming law because it’s unlikely to survive in the more closely divided Senate. The bill would blow up a defense spending cap enacted under the 2011 Budget Control Act by $72 billion.
Early versions of the spending bill included a repeal of the 2001 authorization for military action against terrorist groups that had earned bipartisan support from House appropriators. But GOP leaders later used procedural moves to strip out the repeal before final approval.
Representative Barbara Lee, Democrat of California, who wrote the repeal plan, said Monday night that Congress needs to pass a new military force law ‘‘before we commit to another surge that will keep our troops in Afghanistan for years to come and cost billions more in spending.’’
The Senate, meanwhile, has yet to schedule debate on a spending plan or the National Defense Authorization Act, the bill that sets military policy that the House approved in July. Senators had expected to debate and pass the $696 billion measure before the August recess, allowing McCain to lead floor debate on the measure before returning to Arizona to begin treatment for an aggressive form of brain cancer. But Paul objected to beginning debate on the bill because he had not yet received assurances that his plan to repeal the AUMFs would earn an up-or-down vote.
Whenever debate begins, ‘‘we will be talking about the number of troops,’’ Doug Stafford, Paul’s top political strategist, vowed on Twitter Monday night.
And Congress already faces a daunting to-do list when it returns after Labor Day, including a need to raise the federal debt limit and pass a spending plan to keep the federal government open beyond the end of the fiscal year on Sept. 30, plus reauthorize a host of federal programs, including the Federal Aviation Administration and the National Flood Insurance Program.
That means that Senate debate on the defense bill is likely to be pushed into October, at the earliest.