Nation
    Next Score View the next score

    Satellites show warming is accelerating sea level rise

    Ice near the coast of West Antarctica is photographed froma NASA airplane on Oct. 27, 2016. Researchers have also used satellite data to study ice movement.
    Mario Tama/Getty Images/File
    Ice near the coast of West Antarctica is photographed froma NASA airplane on Oct. 27, 2016. Researchers have also used satellite data to study ice movement.

    WASHINGTON — Melting ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica are speeding up the already fast pace of sea level rise, new satellite research shows.

    At the current rate, the world’s oceans on average will be at least 2 feet higher by the end of the century compared to today, according to researchers who published in Monday’s Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences.

    Sea level rise is caused by warming of the ocean and melting from glaciers and ice sheets. The research, based on 25 years of satellite data, shows that pace has quickened, mainly from the melting of massive ice sheets.

    Advertisement

    It confirms scientists’ computer simulations and is in line with predictions from the United Nations, which releases regular climate change reports.

    Get Ground Game in your inbox:
    Daily updates and analysis on national politics from James Pindell.
    Thank you for signing up! Sign up for more newsletters here

    ‘‘It’s a big deal’’ because the projected sea level rise is a conservative estimate and it is likely to be higher, said lead author Steve Nerem of the University of Colorado.

    Outside scientists said even small changes in sea levels can lead to flooding and erosion.

    ‘‘Any flooding concerns that coastal communities have for 2100 may occur over the next few decades,’’ Oregon State University coastal flooding expert Katy Serafin said.

    More than three-quarters of the acceleration of sea level rise since 1993 is due to melting ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica, the study shows. Of the 3 inches of sea level rise in the past quarter century, about 55 percent is from warmer water expanding, and the rest is from melting ice.

    Advertisement

    Like weather and climate, there are two factors in sea level rise: year-to-year small rises and falls that are caused by natural events, and larger long-term rising trends that are linked to man-made climate change.

    Nerem’s team removed the natural effects of the 1991 Mt. Pinatubo eruption that temporarily chilled Earth and the climate phenomena El Nino and La Nina, and found the accelerating trend.

    Sea level rise, more than temperature, is a better gauge of climate change in action, said Anny Cazenave, director of Earth science at the International Space Science Institute in France, who edited the study. Cazenave is one of the pioneers of space-based sea level research.

    Global sea levels were stable for about 3,000 years until the 20th century, when they rose and then accelerated due to global warming caused by the burning of coal, oil and natural gas, said climate scientist Stefan Rahmstorf of the Potsdam Institute in Germany, who wasn’t part of the study.

    Two feet of sea level rise by the end of the century ‘‘would have big effects on places like Miami and New Orleans, but I don’t still view that as catastrophic’’ because those cities can survive — at great expense — that amount of rising seas under normal situations, Nerem said.

    Advertisement

    But when a storm like 2012’s Hurricane Sandy hits, sea level rise on top of storm surge can lead to record-setting damage, researchers said.

    Some scientists at the American Geophysical Union meeting last year said Antarctica may be melting faster than predicted by Monday’s study.

    Greenland has caused three times more sea level rise than Antarctica so far, but ice melt on the southern continent is responsible for more of the acceleration.

    ‘‘Antarctica seems less stable than we thought a few years ago,’’ Rutgers climate scientist Robert Kopp said.

    The reduction of ice in Antarctica has increased the sense of urgency among travelers hoping to see the continent. Tourism in Antarctica has risen from fewer than 2,000 visitors in the 1980s to more than 45,000 visitors from around the world last year.

    The number of people traveling to the frozen continent dipped during the economic recession of the late 2000s, but rose again in recent years, according to data kept by the Rhode-Island based International Association of Antarctic Tour Operators.