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Workers boarded up the Wrightsville Beach Art Co. while preparing for the arrival of Hurricane Florence in Wrightsville Beach, N.C.
Workers boarded up the Wrightsville Beach Art Co. while preparing for the arrival of Hurricane Florence in Wrightsville Beach, N.C.Mark Wilson/Getty Images

WILMINGTON, N.C. — Coastal residents fleeing a potentially devastating blow from Hurricane Florence encountered empty gasoline pumps and depleted store shelves as the monster storm neared the Carolina coast with 140-mile-per-hour winds and drenching rain that could last for days.

More than one million expected to evacuate as Florence approaches
Hurricane Florence might become one of the most catastrophic hurricanes to hit the Eastern Seaboard in decades. (Mark Gartsbeyn)

While some said they planned to stay put despite hurricane watches and warnings that include the homes of more than 5.4 million people on the East Coast, many weren’t taking any chances.

A steady stream of vehicles full of people and belongings flowed inland Tuesday, and North Carolina Governor Roy Cooper tried to convince everyone to flee.

‘‘The waves and the wind this storm may bring is nothing like you've ever seen. Even if you've ridden out storms before, this one is different. Don’t bet your life on riding out a monster,’’ he said.

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Residents evacuated from coastal areas near Wallace, N.C., on Tuesday.
Residents evacuated from coastal areas near Wallace, N.C., on Tuesday.Andrew Caballero-Reynolds/AFP/Getty Images

Forecasters said Florence was expected to blow ashore late Thursday or early Friday, then slow down and dump 1 to 2½ feet of rain that could cause flooding well inland and wreak environmental havoc by washing over industrial waste sites and hog farms.

President Trump declared states of emergency for North and South Carolina and Virginia, opening the way for federal aid. He said the federal government is ‘‘absolutely, totally prepared’’ for Florence.

All three states ordered mass evacuations along the coast. But getting out of harm’s way could prove difficult.

Michelle Stober loaded up valuables on Tuesday at her home on Wrightsville Beach to take back to her primary residence in Cary, N.C. Finding fuel for the journey was tough.

‘‘This morning I drove around for an hour looking for gas in Cary. Everyone was sold out,’’ she said.

NOAA/RAMMB satellite image of Hurricane Florence off the US east coast in the Atantic Ocean on Monday.
NOAA/RAMMB satellite image of Hurricane Florence off the US east coast in the Atantic Ocean on Monday.NOAA/RAMMB via AFP/Getty Images

Florence is so wide that a life-threatening storm surge was being pushed 300 miles ahead of its eye, and so wet that a swath from South Carolina to Pennsylvania could get deluged.

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People across the region rushed to buy bottled water and other supplies, board up their homes, pull their boats out of the water and get out of town.

Long lines formed at service stations, and some started running out of gas as far west as Raleigh, with bright yellow bags, signs or rags placed over the pumps to show they were out of order. Some store shelves were picked clean.

‘‘There’s no water. There’s no juices. There’s no canned goods,’’ Kristin Harrington said as she shopped at a Walmart in Wilmington.

Home Depot employee Ken Murphy helped Joe Spielman (left) load plywood at a store in Myrtle Beach, S.C.
Home Depot employee Ken Murphy helped Joe Spielman (left) load plywood at a store in Myrtle Beach, S.C.Joe Raedle/Getty Images

People weren’t the only ones evacuating to get out of the path of Hurricane Florence. Eight dogs and 18 cats from a shelter in Norfolk, Va., were sent to two shelters in Washington, D.C., to make room for pets expected to be displaced by the hurricane.

At 11 p.m., the storm was centered 670 miles southeast of Cape Fear, N.C., moving at 17 m.p.h. It was a potentially catastrophic Category 4 storm but was expected to keep drawing energy from the warm water and intensify to near Category 5, which means winds of 157 m.p.h. or higher.

‘‘This one really scares me,’’ National Hurricane Center Director Ken Graham said.

Florence is the most dangerous of three tropical systems in the Atlantic. Tropical Storm Isaac was east of the Lesser Antilles and expected to pass south of Puerto Rico, Hispaniola and Cuba, while Hurricane Helene was moving northward away from land. Forecasters also were tracking two other disturbances.

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The coastal surge from Florence could leave the eastern tip of North Carolina under more than 9 feet of water in spots, projections showed.

Rain measured in feet is ‘‘looking likely,’’ he said.

‘‘This storm is going to knock out power days into weeks. It’s going to destroy infrastructure. It’s going to destroy homes,’’ said Jeff Byard, an official at the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

Forecasters said parts of North Carolina could get 20 inches (50 centimeters) of rain, if not more, with as much as 10 inches (25 centimeters) elsewhere in the state and in Virginia, parts of Maryland and Washington, D.C.

Adam Gartrell (left) and Colin Kern walked out toward the surf in Wrightsville Beach, N.C.
Adam Gartrell (left) and Colin Kern walked out toward the surf in Wrightsville Beach, N.C.Matt Born/The Star-News/AP

One trusted computer model, the European simulation, predicted more than 45 inches in parts of North Carolina. A year ago, people would have laughed off such a forecast, but the European model was accurate in predicting 60 inches for Hurricane Harvey in the Houston area, so ‘‘you start to wonder what these models know that we don't,’’ University of Miami hurricane expert Brian McNoldy said.

Rain measured in feet is ‘‘looking likely,’’ he said.

Florence’s projected path includes half a dozen nuclear power plants, pits holding coal-ash and other industrial waste, and numerous hog farms that store animal waste in huge lagoons.

Duke Energy spokesman Ryan Mosier said operators would begin shutting down nuclear plants at least two hours before hurricane-force winds arrive.

North Carolina’s governor issued what he called a first-of-its-kind mandatory evacuation order for North Carolina’s fragile barrier islands from one end of the coast to the other. Typically, local governments in North Carolina make the call on evacuations.

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Jazz Undy, owner of Wrightsville Beach Art Co., waved to a friend while he helped board up his shop on Wrightsville Beach.
Jazz Undy, owner of Wrightsville Beach Art Co., waved to a friend while he helped board up his shop on Wrightsville Beach.LOGAN CYRUS/AFP/Getty Images

‘‘We've seen nor'easters and we've seen hurricanes before,’’ Cooper said, ‘‘but this one is different.’’

Despite all that, 65-year-old Liz Browning Fox plans to ride the storm out in the Outer Banks village of Buxton, N.C., despite a mandatory evacuation order. Her 88-year-old mother refused to evacuate and will stay with her.

‘‘Everyone who is staying here is either a real old timer, someone who doesn’t know where would be better, or someone involved in emergency operations one way or another,’’ said Fox.

Bread shelves at a Myrtle Beach grocery store stood empty as people stocked up on food.
Bread shelves at a Myrtle Beach grocery store stood empty as people stocked up on food.Joe Raedle/Getty Images
Water flooded the downtown of Alexandria, Va., on Tuesday.
Water flooded the downtown of Alexandria, Va., on Tuesday. Zach Gibson/AFP/Getty Images
Preston Guiher carried a sheet of plywood as he prepared to board up a Wells Fargo branch in Charleston, S.C.
Preston Guiher carried a sheet of plywood as he prepared to board up a Wells Fargo branch in Charleston, S.C.Mic Smith/Associated Press
President Trump looked at a chart showing potential rainfall totals Tuesday during an Oval Office meeting.
President Trump looked at a chart showing potential rainfall totals Tuesday during an Oval Office meeting.Susan Walsh/Associated Press

Material from the Washington Post was used in this report.