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Viral disinformation campaigns target Republicans who speak out on Trump

Many Trump backers have long been suspicious of Senator Mitt Romney.
Many Trump backers have long been suspicious of Senator Mitt Romney.Drew Angerer/Getty Images/File/Getty Images

In the conspiracy-obsessed echo chambers of conservative talk radio and far-right websites, Senator Mitt Romney has some explaining to do — answering for ties to the Ukrainian gas company that put Joe Biden’s son on its board, and accounting for conversations with House Speaker Nancy Pelosi about Republican support for impeaching President Trump.

In reality, neither claim is true.

No meaningful ties exist between Romney and Burisma, and he had no such conversation with Pelosi.

The flood of baseless attacks and misleading innuendo buffeting Romney, which began after he became a rare Republican to express concern about Trump’s interactions with the Ukrainian president, serves as a preview of the viral attacks likely to be unleashed on GOP lawmakers if they buck their president during an impeachment showdown that Trump has denounced as a ‘‘coup.’’

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Holding the line on impeachment, particularly by pressuring Republicans to remain in lockstep behind Trump, has quickly become the core mission of a squadron of pro-Trump television personalities, talk radio hosts, conservative blogs, fringe Facebook groups, and Twitter accounts. Together, these voices form an alternative worldview, built on hostility to mainstream media and capable of shaping the information consumed by core Republican voters.

‘‘It’s tribal, and there are Trump cultists in the Republican Party who are constantly going to try to manufacture anything against the president’s critics,’’ said Mike Murphy, a Republican strategist and Trump critic whose clients have included Romney as well as the late senator John McCain of Arizona. ‘‘The easiest place to manufacture and disseminate that stuff is online.’’

Romney is not the only Republican to feel the heat in recent days. Senator Charles Grassley, an Iowa Republican, after defending the whistle-blower who raised alarm about Trump and Ukraine, faced withering criticism from the Gateway Pundit, a far-right blog that gained White House press credentials in 2017. ‘‘So much for the Republican leaders in the Senate defending President Trump against the continuation of the attempted coup,’’ the site warned.

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Senator Ben Sasse, Republican of Nebraska, who said he was troubled by the whistle-blower complaint, was accused by Big League Politics, a conservative website founded by former Breitbart employees, of ‘‘stabbing [Trump] in the back.’’ Representative Adam Kinzinger, Republican of Illinois, who rebuked Trump for tweeting an ally’s prediction that removing him from office would spark ‘‘civil war,’’ was ridiculed as ‘‘garbage’’ and, in the telling of an Infowars editor, an example of ‘‘spineless sellouts.’’

A Republican congressional aide who spoke on the condition of anonymity to describe dynamics within the party said: ‘‘These kinds of tactics are about one thing: scaring Republicans from getting out of line.’’

The Romney episode offers a case study in how Trump’s allies respond when a Republican shows signs of breaking ranks.

Many Trump backers have long been suspicious of Romney, the 2012 Republican presidential nominee and former Massachusetts governor, who in the 2016 primary delivered a speech calling Trump a ‘‘phony’’ and a ‘‘fraud.’’ As a Senate candidate last year and since taking office, Romney has expressed openness to working with the president, and his criticism has been muted.

The day after details emerged about Trump’s phone call with the Ukrainian leader, Romney issued a brief statement on social media that signaled disapproval, though with a hedge.

‘‘If the President asked or pressured Ukraine’s president to investigate his political rival, either directly or through his personal attorney, it would be troubling in the extreme,’’ he wrote on Sept. 22. ‘‘Critical for the facts to come out.’’

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The next day, Bill Kristol, the conservative columnist, speculated on MSNBC that Romney’s comments ‘‘helped reassure’’ Pelosi as House Democrats moved toward an impeachment inquiry.

The comment appeared to be the fodder for a fabricated notion by Rush Limbaugh, the pro-Trump radio host who claimed on Sept. 25 that Romney ‘‘had phone calls or meetings, whatever, with Pelosi and assured her there was Republican support to remove Trump.’’ The baseless claim, denied by Romney and debunked by a fact check, nevertheless drove conspiracy theories on conservative news sites, which also celebrated a video posted by Trump on Twitter mocking the senator from Utah for losing the 2012 presidential election.

Meanwhile, Romney reiterated to reporters on Capitol Hill that the Ukraine controversy ‘‘remains troubling in the extreme. It’s deeply troubling.’’

The day after that, the attempt to discredit Romney intensified with a story in the American Thinker, a conservative news and opinion site founded by Thomas Lifson, who also writes for the conspiracy theory site Liberty Beacon. In an article on Sept. 26, Lifson declared that a Romney adviser was on Burisma’s board of directors, suggesting that the connection was embarrassing for the Republican senator.

The article referred to Joseph Cofer Black, an ex-CIA official who had been a special adviser for foreign policy and national security on Romney’s 2012 presidential campaign.

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But there is no sign of any connection between Romney and Burisma. Black was one of at least two dozen advisers on the campaign with his title, and he has no current affiliation with Romney. Moreover, according to Burisma’s website, Black was added to the board in 2017, years after the Romney campaign ended.

Without evidence or explanation, Lifson suggested it was an ‘‘odd coincidence’’ that Romney’s former adviser was associated with Burisma. Lifson described Black as a ‘‘CIA spook,’’ language also employed in the far-right fringes of the Internet to attack the whistleblower who brought forth concerns about Trump’s conversation with Ukraine’s president, Volodymyr Zelensky.

Lifson remained adamant in an e-mail to The Washington Post, saying, ‘‘As I wrote in the blog piece, there are a lot of coincidences.’’

To Romney allies, the framing was clear. ‘‘It’s simple guilt by association,’’ Murphy said.